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BelajarPintarV3

Descriptive Text

Sobat pintar, sekarang kita pelajari dulu yuk apa dan bagaimana kita menulis teks deskripsi.

Descriptive text merupakan jenis text dalam bahasa inggris yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan atau menggambarkan suatu hal.

Untuk menuliskan teks deskripsi yang baik, kalian perlu menjabarkan berdasarkan apa yang dirasa oleh indera kita.

Seperti halnya, Apa yang dapat dilihat, apa yang dapat terdengar disekitar, aroma apa yang ada di ruangan atau lingkungan itu, hal apa yang dirasakan saat kita di tempat ruangan, atau sedang berbicara dengan seseorang itu.

Tujuan dari descriptive text tentu saja untuk memberikan informasi kepada si pembaca baik bentuknya, sifat-sifatnya, jumlahnya dan lain-lain secara detail.

Language features descriptive:

  • Focus on specific participants
  • Use of attributive and identifying processes
  • Frequent use classifiers in nominal groups.
  • Use of the Simple Present Tense

Things can be described:

  1. Person
    Contoh: My mother, My idol, BJ Habibie, SBY, etc.
  2. Object
    Contoh: My unforgettable gift, Last year gift: watch / doll / bag, etc.
  3. Place/ Monument / Building
    Contoh: Kenjeran Park, National Monument (Monas), Bambu Runcing Monument, Camplong Beach, etc.

Things Can be Described: Objects

Sobat, untuk hal yang bisa dideskripsikan pertama adalah benda-benda yang ada di sekitar kita.

Contohnya, apa yang ada di dalam rumah, ruang kelas, atau bahkan taman sekitar tempat tinggal.

In the house (The living room)

  1. Chandelier
  2. Painting
  3. Pillows
  4. Armchair
  5. Round table
  6. Chair
  7. Rug

In the house (The dining room)

  1. Lamp shade
  2. Lamp
  3. Buffet
  4. Centerpiece
  5. DIning table
  6. Dining chair
  7. Vase

In the house (The bed room)

  1. Night table / nightstand
  2. Drawers
  3. Bed + bedcover
  4. Chest (of drawers)
  5. Alarm clock
  6. Curtain
  7. Rugs

In the class

  • Chair
  • Desk
  • Table
  • Book
  • Cupboard
  • Board
  • Globe
  • Clock
  • Picture
  • Air conditioner

Things Can be Described: Animals

Sobat Pintar, do you have a pet at home?  If yes, what is it?

Yuk, jawab pertanyaan di atas. Apakah kamu punya hewan peliharaan? Jika ya, apakah itu?

Hewan apa saja sih yang dapat kalian temui dengan mudah di sekitar rumah ataupun yang biasanya kita jumpai jika pergi ke kebun binatang?

Apakah ada di salah satu gambar berikut?

Things Can be Described: Buildings and Places

Sobat, berikut adalah contoh dari beberapa bangunan dan tempat yang dapat menjadi bahan di teks deskripsi.

Latihan 1

Which one is not in the same group?

A. Bedcover

B. Night table

C. Whiteboard

D. Drawers

Latihan 2

Which one does not belong to the same group?

A. Chandelier, Painting, Globe

B. Buffet, Centerpiece, Dining table

C. Night table, Drawers, Bed

D. Globe, Clock, Picture

Things Can be Described: Person

Jika kalian ingin mendeskripsikan seseorang, kalian bisa mulai menyebutkan apa sih profesi dari orang tersebut.

In the family

  • Grand father
  • Grand mother
  • Father
  • Mother
  • Sister
  • Brother
  • Cousin
  • Niece
  • Nephew

Profession

  • Architect
  • Butcher
  • Cook
  • Doctor
  • Engineer
  • Farmer
  • Graphic designer
  • Hairstylist
  • Interpreter
  • Judge

Example of Describing Person

Sobat pintar, berikut ini contoh teks dalam mendeskripsikan orang.

My Classmate, Lusia

Lusia is my classmate. She is very beautiful and friendly. Her hair is aslong as her shoulders. She is very energetic. She is very active in her school and takes some extracurricular subjects. One of them is dancing.

She has been practicing dance since she was six years old. She can dance both traditional and modern dances, but she prefers traditional dances to modern ones. Her favourite dance is pakarena dance. It is from makassar.

Every time she performs the dance on the stage, she always gives her best performance to her audience so they really enjoy her dance .

So far, she has appeared may times in formal ceremonies so she is very famous in our school. She often performs abroad as a member of Indonesia cultural delegations. Someday, she dreams to become a well-known dacer and if she has enough money, she will own a dancing company.

Structure of Descriptive Text

Sobat pintar, bagaimana sih kita dapat menulis teks deskripsi yang baik dan benar?

Berikut adalah struktur teks deskripsinya:

Identification
Bagian identification berisi pendahuluan dan gambaran umum tentang suatu topik. Identification berfungsi sebagai pengenalan dari apa yang kita sedang jelaskan. supaya para pembaca atau pendengar tidak salah mengerti. Misalnya yang dijelaskan adalah kucing, namun para pembaca/pendengar malah salah mengerti menjadi anjing,

Description
Pada bagian description berisi ciri-ciri khusus atau sifat-sifat yang terdapat dalam benda, orang, atau binatang yang sedang dijelaskan.

Example of Describing Place

Sobat Pintar, ini termasuk salah satu contoh bagaimana mendeskripsikan sebuah tempat.

Goa Gajah

Goa Gajah or Elephant Cave is located in the southwest of Bedulu village, nect to Yeh Pulu Relief, 6 km from Ubud. Known only to local villagers and the bats during centuries of neglect, the cave was revealed to the public in 1923. The bathing place was discovered and restored only in 954 during archeological investigations done by Mr. Krijgsman. It had become filled in and a temple built upon it, which had to be moved to its present site. The spring and pond there have given the temple its name -- Pura Taman.

Example of Describing Things

Sobat, ini termasuk salah satu contoh deskripsi dari suatu barang.

Ayo, tebak kira-kira objek apa sih yang digambarkan di dalam teks di bawah ini.

I got a new bag from my grandma on my birthday. It’s small unique plastic handbag.

It has red flowery color with two small round pockets in front. It’s so large that I can put everything inside.

I think it’s very expensive. My grandma was just coming from Singapore and brought that bag for me.

Latihan 1

Lusia is my classmate. She is very beautiful and friendly. Her hair is as long as her shoulders. She is very energetic. She is very active in her school and takes some extracurricular subjects. One of them is dancing.

She has been practicing dance since she was six years old. She can dance both traditional and modern dances, but she prefers traditional dances to modern ones. Her favourite dance is pakarena dance. It is from makassar.

Every time she performs the dance on the stage, she always gives her best performance to her audience so they really enjoy her dance 

So far, she has appeared may times in formal ceremonies so she is very famous in our school. She often performs abroad as a member of Indonesia cultural delegations. Someday, she dreams to become a well-known dacer and if she has enough money, she will own a dancing company.

Who is being described in the text above?

A. The writer

B. Lusia

C. Lusia's classmate

D. Famous classmate

Latihan 2

Lusia is my classmate. She is very beautiful and friendly. Her hair is as long as her shoulders. She is very energetic. She is very active in her school and takes some extracurricular subjects. One of them is dancing.

She has been practicing dance since she was six years old. She can dance both traditional and modern dances, but she prefers traditional dances to modern ones. Her favourite dance is pakarena dance. It is from makassar.

Every time she performs the dance on the stage, she always gives her best performance to her audience so they really enjoy her dance 

So far, she has appeared may times in formal ceremonies so she is very famous in our school. She often performs abroad as a member of Indonesia cultural delegations. Someday, she dreams to become a well-known dacer and if she has enough money, she will own a dancing company.

How does the writer describe Lusia?

A. The writer is very famous.

B. The writer is very beautiful and friendly.

C. Lusia dreams to become a doctor.

D. The writer's classmate is very active and energetic.

Position of Adjectives

Nah, Sobat pintar, dalam mendeskripsikan atau menggambarkan sesuatu, kita perlu salah satu kategori kata, yaitu kata sifat / adjective.

Terdapat urutan penulisan kata sifat dalam menggambarkan suatu benda di bahasa Inggris. Kalian bisa menyingkatnya dengan urutan

DOSASCOMP

Determiner - Opinion - Size - Age - Shape - Color - Origin - Material - Purpose + Noun

Opinion – Kata sifat yang menunjukkan pendapat tentang sesuatu/seseorang.
Contoh: Beautiful, Ugly, Clever, Expensive, Pretty, Funny etc.

Size/Dimension – Kata sifat yang menunjukkan ukuran besar kecilnya sesuatu/seseorang.
Contoh: Small, Big, Large, Fat, Thin etc.

Age – Kata sifat yang menunjukkan umur sesuatu/seseorang.
Contoh: Old, Young, New, etc.

Shape – Kata sifat yang menunjukkan bentuk sesuatu/ seseorang.
Contoh: Round, Square, Circle, Oval, Square, Flat, Rectangular, Heart-shaped, Sphere, etc.

Color – Kata sifat yang menunjukkan warna sesuatu/ seseorang.
Contoh: Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, White, Black, Brown etc.

Origin – Kata sifat yang menunjukkan asal sesuatu/seseorang atau kenegaraan seseorang.
Contoh: Spanish, Dutch, American, Indonesian, Javanese, Chinese, Italian etc.

Material – Adjective yang menunjukkan materi yang membentuk suatu benda.
Contoh: Glass, Paper, Leather, Plastic, Wooden, Metal, Cotton, Stone, etc.

Purpose - Adjective yang menunjukkan tujuan/kegunaan benda, sering berupa gerund (V-ing).
Contoh: Sleeping bag, Baking pan, Watering can, etc.

Describing Person

Nah, Sobat Pintar, dalam mendeskripsikan seseorang, kita perlu mengetahui kata sifat (adjective) yang dapat digunakan dalam 2 kategori:

  1. Menggambarkan kepribadian (personality);
  2. Menggambarkan penampilan (appearance)

Personality / Kepribadian

+ Positif

  • Generous / Helpful / Kind / Giving
  • Sincere / Straight-forward
  • Diplomatic / Impartial
  • Considerate / Sympathetic / Understanding
  • Affable / Agreeable / Amiable /Charming / Polite / Likeable / Gregarious

- Negatif

  • Aggressive.
  • Arrogant.
  • Boastful.
  • Bossy.
  • Boring.
  • Careless.
  • Clingy.
  • Cruel.

Appearance / Penampilan - What do they look like?

  • General adjectives
    Contoh: Beautiful, Handsome, Gorgeous
  • Age
    Contoh: Old, Young, in her/his 20s,
  • Height
    Contoh: Short, tall,
  • Figure
    Contoh: Muscular, Heavy, Skinny, Curvy, Thin
  • Hair
    Contoh: Straight, Black, Curly, Wavy, Long, Short, Bald, Blonde
  • Face
    Contoh: Oval, Square, Round
  • Eyes
    Contoh: Slanted, big, round,
  • Mouth
  • Nose
    Contoh: Flat,
  • Other characteristics
    Contoh: Earings, tattoo, glasses, moustache, beard, and etc.

Describing Place

Sobat Pintar, .... berikut ini ada beberapa kata sifat yang dapat kalian gunakan untuk menggambarkan sebuah gedung, monumen, atau tempat.

  • Historic
  • Attractive
  • Lovely
  • Uninteresting
  • Fast-paced
  • Delightful
  • Quaint
  • Modern
  • Contemporary
  • Cosmopolitan
  • LIvely
  • Pricey
  • Well-known
  • Notable
  • Cheap
  • Vibrant
  • Vast

Latihan 1

Complete the following sentence.

That house is ....

A. bald

B. long

C. huge

D. curly

Latihan 2

Complete the following sentence.

He is really ....

A. historic

B. vast

C. handsome

D. pricey

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