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Peta Belajar Bersama

Sobat, ini nih, ada Peta Belajar Bersama Bahasa Inggris di bab keempat.


Yuk, mulai belajar bersama!

Recount Text

Nah, di bagian ini kita akan mempelajari tentang Recount Text!

Recount adalah jenis teks yang melaporkan peristiwa, kejadian, atau kegiatan yang menimpa seseorang, atau berupa pengalaman seseorang, contohnya bisa berupa diari ataupun biografi seseorang.

Tujuan dari penulisan recount dalah untuk menceritakan apa yang terjadi pada masa lampau sesuai dengan runtutan waktu terjadinya. Karena teks ini menceritakan masa lampau, sehingga tenses yang digunakan adalah past tense.

Terdapat beberapa jenis dari Recount Text:

  • Personal Recount
  • Factual Recount
  • Imaginative Recount
  • Historical Recount

Personal Recount

Nah, salah satu jenis Recount text adalah Personal Recount Sobat. Kalian pasti pernah deh bikin Personal Recount! Emangnya apa lagi tuh Personal Recount?

Jadi Sobat Pintar, Personal Recount adalah teks yang berfungsi menyampaikan cerita dari pengalaman pribadi sang penulis. Kalian pernah kan nulis pengalaman pribadi kalian? Nah, Itulah yang dinamakan Personal Recount!

Pengalaman yang diceritakan dapat berupa:

  • Memenangkan penghargaan
  • Liburan ke rumah nenek
  • Mengunjungi keluarga
  • Pulang kampung
  • Bertemu idola
  • Mendaki gunung
  • Memancing bersama ayah
  • Berlibur ke beberapa kota
  • Belajar menjahit / memasak
  • Berkunjung ke Goa

Yuk, sobat, kalian share juga topik apa saja yang dapat diceritakan di Personal Recount.

Latihan 1

Choose the right answer for the question below!

From the following title, which one is not the example of personal recount?

A. Visiting my grandma's house

B. My Amazing School Camping

C. Unforgettable New Years Eve

D. The history of Borobudur

Latihan 2

Choose the right answer for the question below!

Which one is not the example of recount text?

A. Historical Recount

B. Imaginative Recount

C. Fable Recount

D. Personal Recount

Latihan 3

Choose the right answer for the question below!
        
What is the purpose of the recount text?
 

A. Tell past events

B. Entertain readers

C. Describing person

D. Inform the readers about the news

Latihan 4

Choose the right answer for the question below!
        
The following title is an example of recount text. Except …
 

A. Malin Kundang

B. My trip to Maldives

C. My great holiday

D. When I was a child

Simple Past Tense

Sobat Pintar, di bagian ini kita akan memahami lebih tentang tenses yang digunakan dalam menulis Personal Recount

Simple Past tense adalah suatu bentuk tense yang menggambarkan suatu kejadian yang terjadi pada satu spesifik waktu di masa lampau, kejadian yang berlangsung dalam suatu periode di masa lampau, dan kebiasaan atau aksi yang dilakukan berulang kali pada masa lampau.

Kata kerja yang digunakan pada kalimat positive di tense ini harus berupa kata kerja kedua (verb 2).

Kalimat Verbal

(+) the dog slept in the room yesterday (S+V2+O)
(-) the dog did not sleep in the room yesterday (S+did=not+V1+O)
(?) did the dog sleep in the room yesterday? (Did+S+V1+O+?)

bisa juga contoh di bawah ini

(+) The Teacher went to the school yesterday.
(-) The Teacher did not go to the school yesterday.
(?) Did the Teacher go to the school yesterday?

Kalimat Nominal

(+) he was absent a week ago (S+was/were+unverb)
(-) he was not absent a week ago (S+was/were+not+unverb)
(?) was he absent a week ago? (was/were+S+unverb+?)

Nah, setelah memahami struktur tenses yang digunakan pada Recount text, sekarang kalian coba buat kalimat menggunakan Simple past tense yuk Sobat!

Past Tense Continous

Sobat Pintar bisa tebak tenses apa? Yup benar!, Past Continuous Tense! 


Past Continuous Tense adalah bentuk tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung dimasa lampau. Past continuous tense merupakan bentuk lampau dari Present continuous tense. Tenses ini juga dapat digunakan untuk menunjukan sebuah aksi yang terjadi sebelum, selama, dan berlanjut setelah aksi lainnya yang terjadi di masa lampau.


Nah yang pertama kita bahas rumus yang digunakan dalam tenses ini
 

Contoh kalimat :

Kalimat Verbal

(+) she was climbing a mountain (S+was/were+V-ing+O)

(-) she was not climbing a mountain

(S+was/were+not+Ving+O)

(?) was she climbing a mountain ? (was/were+S+V-ing+O?)

 

Kalimat Nominal

Kalimat Nominal
(+) she was hungry (S+was/were+unverb)


(-) she was not at school (S+was/were+unverb)


(?) Was she at school? (was/were+S+unverb?)
 

Pada penggunaannya, Past Continuous tense memiliki beberapa fungsi yaitu:


1. Untuk menunjukan bahwa kejadian pertama (Past Continuous Tense) telah disela dengan kejadian yang lebih pendek (Simple Past Tense) dalam waktu yang bersamaan. Contohnya seperti ini Sobat:

  • I was eating my dinner when my mom called
  • While I was watching TV, someone knocked my door

2. Untuk menunjukan waktu yang lebih spesifik saat suatu kejadian di masa lampau dimulai atau diakhiri.

  • I was having lunch at 11 am yesterday
  • She was not making ramen at midnight

Pada kalimat Past Continuous Tense, kita pasti menemukan penggunaan when atau while sebagai kata pengubung dua kejadian. Kita menggunakan when saat diikuti dengan kata kerja Verb 2 dan while diikuti dengan kalimat Past Continuous Tense.

Latihan 1

Complete the blank space to make a complete sentence!

I told him I ... something to show to his brother last week.

A. had

B. has

C. have

D. have had

Latihan 2

Complete the blank space to make a complete sentence!

He ... breakfast with his kids yesterday.

A. is eating

B. are eating

C. was eating

D. were eating

Latihan 3

Complete the blank space to make a complete sentence!

Did architects ... the apartment in 2010? 
 

A. Build

B. Built

C. Builded

D. Builted

Latihan 4

Complete the blank space to make a complete sentence!

Alma ... the cat when his sister slept

A. Fed

B. Feeding

C. Was feed

D. Was Feeding

Personal Recount

Sobat, dalam menuliskan sebuah Recount Text, kita harus memahami runtutan teksnya, berikut terdapat struktur Recount Text, yaitu:

Orientation
Di bagian ini berisi perkenalan awal tokoh/pelaku, tempat, dan waktu untuk memberikan informasi yang diperlukan pembaca untuk memahami keseluruhan isi teks.

Events
Menceritakan apa yang terjadi di masa lampau sesuai rangkaian kejadian/peristiwa. Biasa ditandai dengan penggunaan in the first day, next day, our last day.

Evaluation
Komentar dari si penulis/pembicara mengenai pengalaman yang dia rasakan.

Re-orientaton
Kesimpulan dari pengalaman yang dirasakan

Example of Personal Recount

On Saturday night, we went to the Town Hall. It was the last day of the year and a large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clock. It would strike twelve in twenty minutes’ time. Fifteen minutes passed and then, at five to twelve, the clock stopped. The big minute hand did not move. We waited and waited, but nothing happened. Suddenly someone shouted,”It’s two minutes past twelve! The clock has stopped!”

I looked at my watch. It was true. The big clock refused to welcome the New Year. At that moment, everybody began to laugh and sing.

 

Example of Personal Recount

      One of my favorite things in Junior High School was camping. Once upon a mount my school held a routine extracurricular that was camping at some mountain or camping field in my town. Usually the event was on the first Saturday night in a month.


        One day at the camping time, we all gathered at the school first before we went together to the camping area. We were grouped in teams and each team had its own tent. We went to the camping area by bus. In the afternoon around 4 pm we had already been there. We built our own tent before we continued the activities. After building the tent, bathing, and having a break, we start the rundown of the activities. One thing I love most was the activity of Jerit Malam . It was held from 10 pm until 1 am in the morning. We all, every team, were scattered into the jungle to find the letters in a bottle. The camping committees had prepared something to frighten us by wearing ghost or zombie costumes and chased after us.


        Anyway, I was never afraid of that but I was so happy seeing some of my friends screaming and running. I laughed loudly at that event because I think both the ghost and the victims were totally funny.


       The ghost or the zombie never frightened us who were not afraid, but they would run after them who were too afraid.
 

Latihan 1

Read the Personal Recount text below to answer the question!

On Saturday night, we went to the Town Hall. It was the last day of the year and a large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clock.

It would strike twelve in twenty minutes’ time. Fifteen minutes passed and then, at five to twelve, the clock stopped. The big minute hand did not move. We waited and waited, but nothing happened.

Suddenly someone shouted,” It’s two minutes past twelve! The clock has stopped!”

I looked at my watch. It was true. The big clock refused to welcome the New Year.

At that moment, everybody began to laugh and sing.

What is the purpose of the writer sharing the story?

A. To describe how Town Hall looks like

B. To retell past experience went to Town hall

C. To persuade readers to go to Town Hall

D. To explain what happened in Town Hall

Latihan 2

Read the Personal Recount text below to answer the question!

On Saturday night, we went to the Town Hall. It was the last day of the year and a large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clock.

It would strike twelve in twenty minutes’ time. Fifteen minutes passed and then, at five to twelve, the clock stopped. The big minute hand did not move. We waited and waited, but nothing happened.

Suddenly someone shouted,” It’s two minutes past twelve! The clock has stopped!”

I looked at my watch. It was true. The big clock refused to welcome the New Year.

At that moment, everybody began to laugh and sing.

What happened in the Town Hall?

A. The clock was 2 minutes late.

B. The clock had stopped at five to twelve.

C. The clock was ringing at the right time

D. The clock was only working at the Town Hall.

Latihan 3

Read the Personal Recount text below to answer the question!

Last weekend my classmates and I went to the countryside to have a picnic. Before leaving, we made some sandwiches for lunch. We left quite early to avoid the traffic jam.
 
After driving for two hours, we arrived at a very nice place. It was near a river with some big trees around it. The driver parked the car under the tree. Seeing the clear cool water of the river, my friends and I decided to swim. After having lunch together, we went around the area to enjoy the scenery. We saw some beautiful birds and butterflies.

After walking for about an hour, we decided to return to the car and go home. Unfortunately, we could not start up the car. Finally, after some time, we could make the car starts up by pushing it. We were happy although we felt a bit tired when we got home. 

What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
 

A. The writer made sandwiches for lunch

B. The writer did some fun activities during their picnic

C. After doing some activities, the writer went home by car

D. Last weekend the writer prepared to have a picnic in the countryside

Latihan 4

Read the Personal Recount text below to answer the question!

Last weekend my classmates and I went to the countryside to have a picnic. Before leaving, we made some sandwiches for lunch. We left quite early to avoid the traffic jam.
 
After driving for two hours, we arrived at a very nice place. It was near a river with some big trees around it. The driver parked the car under the tree. Seeing the clear cool water of the river, my friends and I decided to swim. After having lunch together, we went around the area to enjoy the scenery. We saw some beautiful birds and butterflies.

After walking for about an hour, we decided to return to the car and go home. Unfortunately, we could not start up the car. Finally, after some time, we could make the car starts up by pushing it. We were happy although we felt a bit tired when we got home. 

What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
 

A. They felt hot after having lunch

B. They felt tired after having a walk

C. The water was cool and clear

D. It was a tiring day

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