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BelajarPintarV3

Peta Belajar Bersama

Sobat! Ini adalah peta belajar bersama Bahasa Inggris Wajib di BAB ke 6.

Yuk, kita masuk ke materi nya!

Narrative Text

Narrative text adalah teks yang berisi tentang cerita khayalan, dongeng, ataupun kisah nyata yang telah dilebih-lebihkan. Biasanya ada nilai moral yang bisa dipetik di akhir cerita.

Contoh narrative text bisa berupa cerita rakyat, cerita binatang, legenda, mitos, cerita pendek, komik, cerita kartun, dan lain-lain.

Pada umumnya, jika kita menulis narrative text kita perlu menggunakan PAST TENSE, nih Sobat. 

Tujuan penggunaan dari Narrative Text itu adalah to entertain the reader or present a story atau untuk menghibur pembaca.

Topics on Narrative Text

Berikut ini contoh-contoh topik dari Narrative Text:

Myth

Myths terdiri cerita yang mencoba untuk menjelaskan bagaimana dunia kita bekerja dan bagaimana kita harus memperlakukan setiap cerita. Biasanya diatur dalam waktu lama, sebelum sejarah seperti yang kita tahu itu ditulis.
Dalam mitos lain, dewa atau "makhluk super" menggunakan kekuasaan mereka untuk membuat peristiwa. Atau cerita petualangan dewa, dewi, pria dan wanita. Mitos-mitos menggambarkan hal-hal besar yang terjadi pada masyarakat dan pilihan yang mereka buat.
Contoh: The Myth Of Malin Kundang

Legends

Legends juga cerita yang telah dibuat, tetapi mereka berbeda dengan mitos.
Mitos menjawab pertanyaan tentang cara kerja alam, dan diatur dalam waktu panjang yang lalu, sebelum sejarah ditulis. Legenda tentang orang-orang dan tindakan atau perbuatan. Orang-orang hidup di zaman yang lebih baru dan disebutkan dalam sejarah. Cerita disampaikan untuk tujuan dan didasarkan pada fakta-fakta, tetapi mereka tidak benar-benar ada.
Contoh
: Story Of Lake Toba

Fables


Fables adalah tentang binatang yang bisa berbicara dan bertindak seperti orang, atau tanaman atau kekuatan alam seperti petir atau angin. Tanaman mungkin dapat bergerak dan juga berbicara dan kekuatan alam menyebabkan hal-hal terjadi dalam cerita karena kekuatan mereka.
Contoh: THE WOLF AND THE HOUSE DOG

Fairy Tales

Fairy tales adalah cerita yang ditulis khusus untuk anak-anak, sering tentang karakter ajaib seperti elf, peri, goblin dan raksasa. Kadang-kadang karakter binatang.
Contoh: Snow White And The Seven Dwarf

Grammar Used in Narrative Text

Beberapa contoh kalimat PAST TENSE yang sering muncul di Narrative Text seperti:
- A long time ago, very few people lived in the New Territories.
- They did not have enough money to take Snow White.

Latihan 1

Answer the following question.

Which one is true about Narrative Text?

A. It explains the description of buildings and people.

B. It lets the authors tell the personal experience they have.

C. It will tell about someone's achievement in career and life.

D. It will tell the readers about past stories that are sometimes exaggerated.

E. It will give information to the readers about upcoming events.

Latihan 2

Answer the following question.

Which one of the following titles are not included in Narrative Text?

A. Bawang Putih dan Bawah Merah

B. The Beauty and the Beast

C. The Loch Ness Monster

D. The Dracula

E. BJ Habibie and his Crack Theory

Latihan 3

Answer the following question!

Which one is included in the Legends?

A. The Crocodile and Deer

B. The Beauty and the Beast

C. Sangkuriang

D. The Dracula

E. Cinderella

Latihan 4

Answer the following question!

What tenses are used in the Narrative Text?

A. Past Tense

B. Present Tense

C. Past Continuous Tense

D. Present Continuous Tense

E. Future Tense

Latihan 5

Answer the following question!

The title below is the title of the fable, EXCEPT ...

A. The Smart Monkey

B. A Cat and A Fox

C. The Smartest Parrot

D. Snow White

E. The Monkey and The Man

Structure of Narrative Text

 

Secara umum terdapat 3 bagian teks-biasa kita sebut text structure, yang berisi:

Orientation: Pengenalan tokoh, tempat, dan waktu cerita yang biasanya terdapat di paragraf awal.
Complication: Pengenalan masalah yang diangkat dalam sebuah cerita dan biasanya diikuti masalah-masalah lain dan bagian ini biasanya terdapat di pertengahan bagian teks/cerita.
Resolution: Solusi atau pemecahan masalah yang terdapat dalam cerita dan biasanya disajikan di bagian akhir teks/cerita.

Untuk lebih memahaminya, kita bisa berlatih bersama membuat sebuah cerita dengan kerangka di bawah ini. Jangan lupa juga, Sobat, untuk memilih jenis naratif apa yang ingin dibuat.

  • Type of Narrative:
  • Characters:
  • Place:
  • Time:
  • Main problem:
  • Solution:

Setelah itu kita lanjut yuk ke materi contoh Teks Naratif nya!

Example of Narrative Text

John slumped in the armchair, his arms crossed his face with a gloomy frown. He was a new kid in town, but no one knew he was even there. John did not like anybody and they didn’t like him. All-day he sat in the armchair, staring out the window.

Through the window, he saw a gigantic hollow tree in a vacant lot. The tree seemed to call him. He stood slowly up, then started to walk towards the tree. Its branches were very thin and its roots dug into the ground like claws. The tree had thorns all over it. John tried to turn away from the tree but he couldn’t. A mysterious force was pulling him into the hollow.

John never reappeared ... but no one noticed or called.

Kita lanjut, yuk, ke contoh cerita yang lainnya.

Example of Narrative Text

A Woman and the Wolves

A long time ago, very few people lived in the New Territories. There were only a few villages. If the people wanted to go from one village to another, they often had to pass through the wild and unsafe forests.

One day, a farmer’s young wife went to the next village to visit her mother and brother. She brought along her baby son. When it was time for her to leave, her brother said “ it is getting dark. Let my son, Ah Tim, go with you through the forest.”

So Ah Tim led the way and the young woman followed behind, carrying her baby. When they were in the forest, suddenly they saw a group of wolves. They began to run to avoid the danger, but Ah Tim kicked against a stone and fell. At once the wolves caught him. The young woman cried to the wolves, “ please eat my son instead.” Then, she put her baby son on the ground in front of the wolves and took her nephew away.

Everyone understood that this was because the woman was very good and kind. She had offered her own son’s life to save her nephew.

They ran back to the house and called for help. All men in the village fetched thick sticks and went back with her into the forest. When they got there, they saw something very strange. Instead of eating the woman’s baby, the wolves were playing with him.

Discussion Time!

Jika dilihat dari judul teks tersebut, kita dapat memprediksi bahwa karakternya adalah The Woman (Si Perempuan) dan juga The wolves (Para serigala). Tapi, karakter lainnya siapa saja, sih?

Yuk, coba cari tahu dengan melengkapi kerangka berkut, Sobat!

  • Type of Narrative:
  • Characters: The Woman, The wolves, Brother, …..
  • Place: ….
  • Time: Long time ago,
  • Main problem: ….
  • Solution: ….

Kita lanjut, yuk, ke contoh cerita yang lainnya.

Example of Narrative Text

Fox and A Cat

One day, a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. “Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,” she said.

“I know only one trick to get away from dogs,” said the cat. “You should teach me some of yours!”.

“Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones”, replied the fox airily.

Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. “This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know”, said the cat. “Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?”.

The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.

Kita coba mengerjakan beberapa soal latihan berikut ya!

Latihan 1

Read this text and answer the following question.

John slumped in the armchair, his arms crossed his face with a gloomy frown. He was a new kid in town, but no one knew he was even there. John did not like anybody and they didn’t like him. All-day he sat in the armchair, staring out the window.

Through the window, he saw a gigantic hollow tree in a vacant lot. The tree seemed to call him. He stood slowly up, then started to walk towards the tree. Its branches were very thin and its roots dug into the ground like claws. The tree had thorns all over it. John tried to turn away from the tree but he couldn’t. A mysterious force was pulling him into the hollow.

John never reappeared ... but no one noticed or called.

What is the proper title for this story?

A. The Gigantic Armchair of John

B. The Gigantic Hollow Tree and The Armchair

C. Story of The Armchair in the Hollow

D. Story of The Armchair in the Hollow

E. Story of The Armchair in the Hollow

Latihan 2

Read this text and answer the following question.

John slumped in the armchair, his arms crossed his face with a gloomy frown. He was a new kid in town, but no one knew he was even there. John did not like anybody and they didn’t like him. All day he sat in the armchair, staring out the window.

Through the window he saw a gigantic hollow tree in vacant lot. The tree seemed to call him. He stood slowly up, then started to walk towards the tree. Its branches were very thin and its roots dug into the ground like claws. The tree had thorns all over it. John tried to turn away from the tree but he couldn’t. A mysterious force was pulling him into the hollow.

John never reappeared ... but no one noticed or called.

What happend to John?

A. He was day-dreaming.

B. He was sitting in the armchair.

C. He was feeling gloomy.

D. He was dragged into the hollow of a tree.

E. He was in vacancy a lot.

Latihan 3

Read this text and answer the following question.

John slumped in the armchair, his arms crossed his face with a gloomy frown. He was a new kid in town, but no one knew he was even there. John did not like anybody and they didn’t like him. All day he sat in the armchair, staring out the window.

Through the window he saw a gigantic hollow tree in vacant lot. The tree seemed to call him. He stood slowly up, then started to walk towards the tree. Its branches were very thin and its roots dug into the ground like claws. The tree had thorns all over it. John tried to turn away from the tree but he couldn’t. A mysterious force was pulling him into the hollow.

John never reappeared ... but no one noticed or called.

What was the reason John walked toward the tree?

A. Because he was sitting in that armchair.

B. He stood alone in a new city.

C. He caught glimpse of a gigantic hollow tree.

D. The tree looked like calling out John.

E. The tree had thrown him.

Latihan 4

Read this text and answer the following question.

Once upon a time, there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her aunt and uncle because her parents were dead.

One day she heard her uncle and aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White.

Snow White didn’t want her uncle and aunt to do that so she decided that it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away into the woods. She was very tired and hungry. Then she saw a little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.

Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs.

The dwarfs said, “What is your name?”

Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.”

Then, Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story.

The dwarfs said, “If you want, you may live here with us.”

Snow White answered, “Oh, could I? Thank you.”

Finally, Snow White and the seven dwarfs lived happily ever after.

Why did Snow White run away to the woods?

A. Because her parents passed away

B. Her aunt was angry with her.

C. Snow white liked playing in the woods.

D. Her uncle and aunt would go to America.

E. She was happy.

Latihan 5

Read this text and answer the following question.

Once upon a time, there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her aunt and uncle because her parents were dead.

One day she heard her uncle and aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White.

Snow White didn’t want her uncle and aunt to do that so she decided that it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away into the woods. She was very tired and hungry. Then she saw a little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.

Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs.

The dwarfs said, “What is your name?”

Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.”

Then, Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story.

The dwarfs said, “If you want, you may live here with us.”

Snow White answered, “Oh, could I? Thank you.”

Finally, Snow White and the seven dwarfs lived happily ever after.

When did Snow White run away to the woods?

A. In the morning

B. In the afternoon

C. In the middle of the night

D. In the evening

E. In the middle of noon

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