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BelajarPintarV3

PETA BELAJAR

Sobat, dalam materi ini kita akan bersama-sama akan belajar beberapa hal berikut.


Yuk Sobat, kita mulai belajar bersama!

Asking for Intention

Sobat Pintar, yuk kita pahami bersama tentang Expressing Intentions.

Secara harfiah Expressing Intentions berarti mengungkapkan harapan/niat/rencana.

Berarti ekspresi ini secara tidak langsung merupakan sebuah kejadian yang belum terjadi karena masih berupa harapan/rencana.

Asking for Intention :

  • What are you going to do?
  • Any plan for the weekend?
  • Are you thinking of...?
  • Do you have any intention of...?
  • Is it your intention to...?

Expressing Intentions

Expressing Intention:

  • I am going to.... (saya akan……..)
  • I am planning to.... (saya merencanakan untuk……….)
  • I will make an effort to.... (saya berniat untuk……..)
  • I am thinking of.... (saya sedang berpikir untuk…….)
  • I will.... (saya akan………)
  • I have every intention of.... (saya punya niat untuk….)
  • I fully intended to.... (Saya sepenuhnya bermaksud untuk)
  • It is my intention to.... (itu niat saya untuk…..)
  • We would like to.... (kita akan……)
  • He will.... (dia (lk) akan……)
  • She would rather.... (dia (pr) akan…..)
  • My mother is going to…. (ibuku akan….)

Beberapa ekspresi tersebut cocok banget loh sobat untuk digunakan setiap harinya, tapi kira-kira sobat mau pake yang mana ya untuk mengungkapkan harapan atau rencana sobat?

Willingness

 

Berikut ini penyusunan kalimatnya, Sobat!

To express willingness : use will

(+) Subject + will + V1 + Object/Complement
(-) Subject + will not + V1 + Object/Complement
(?) Will + subject + V1 + Object/complement

Contoh:
(+) She will visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(-) She will not visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(?) Will she visit her cousins on the next holiday?

To express a prior plan : Use only be going to

(+) Subject + Be going to + V1 + O/C
(-) Subject + Be not going to + V1 + O/C
(?) Be + Subject + going to + V1 + O/C

Contoh:
(+) She is going to visit her cousins on the next holiday.
(-) She is not going to visit her cousins on the next holiday?
(?) Is she going to visit her cousins on the next holiday?

Latihan 1

Choose the best answer below!

Ari : It will be a long weekend soon. Do you have any plans?
Risi : Uhm, I’m not sure. I don’t have any idea yet.
Bayu : Stay at home? Well, you could do something more interesting!
Ari : So, what about you Bayu? Do you have any plans?
Risi : Definitely! My dad and I are going to go fishing.

Which statement shows an expression asking for intention in the dialogue above?

A. You could do something more interesting!

B. My dad and I are going to go fishing.

C. It will be a long weekend soon.

D. Do you have any plan?

E. I might stay at home.

Latihan 2

Choose the best answer!

Ari : It will be a long weekend soon. Do you have any plans?
Risi : Uhm, I’m not sure. I don’t have any idea yet.
Bayu : Stay at home? Well, you could do something more interesting!
Ari : So, what about you Bayu? Do you have any plans?
Risi : Definitely! My dad and I are going to go fishing.

Which statement that shows expression of intention in the dialogue above?

A. You could do something more interesting!

B. My dad and I are going to go fishing.

C. It will be a long weekend soon.

D. I think I might stay at home.

E. Do you have any plans?

Latihan 3

Choose the correct answer of A, B, C, D, E!
Ari: It will be a long weekend soon. Do you have any plans?
Risi: Uhm, I’m not sure. I don’t have any idea yet.
Bayu: Stay at home? Well, you could do something more interesting!
Ari: So, what about you Bayu? Do you have any plans?
Risi: Definitely! My dad and I are going to go fishing.
Which statement shows an expression asking for intention in the dialogue above?

A. You could do something more interesting!

B. My dad and I are going to go fishing.

C. It will be a long weekend soon.

D. I think I might stay at home.

E. Do you have any plans?

Latihan 4

Choose the correct answer of A, B, C, D, E!
Almira: What would you like to do this weekend?
Fara: I have no idea about it. What are you going to do?
Almira: I’m going on vacation with my boyfriend.
Fara: That’s awesome. I hope I can go with my boyfriend too.
Almira: You have to find a boyfriend first.
Which statement shows an expression asking for intention in the dialogue above?

A.

What would you like to do this weekend?

B. I have no idea about it.

C. I’m going on vacation with my boyfriend.

D. That’s awesome.

E. You have to find a boyfriend first.

Latihan 5

Choose the correct answer of A, B, C, D, E!
Almira: What would you like to do this weekend?
Fara: I have no idea about it. What are you going to do?
Almira: I’m going on vacation with my boyfriend.
Fara: That’s awesome. I hope I can go with my boyfriend too.
Almira: You have to find a boyfriend first.
Which statement shows an expression of intention in the dialogue above?

A. What would you like to do this weekend?

B. I have no idea about it.

C. I’m going on vacation with my boyfriend.

D. That’s awesome.

E. You have to find a boyfriend first.

Latihan 6

Choose the correct answer of A, B, C, D, E!
Which one of the following sentences is not an expression of intention?

A. I am going to Jakarta next week.

B. I will help you finish this project.

C. I am cooking soup right now.

D. I am going to join a dance class next semester.

E. My mother is going to pick me up tonight.

Latihan 7

Choose the correct answer of A, B, C, D, E!
Betty: Ben, have you found the book?
Beni: Sorry, I have searched for it, but I couldn't find it.
Betty:........
Beni: Thank you
Complete the dialog with the correct expression.......

A. Keep searching the book!

B. Don't give up!

C. I will help you to look for it.

D. Will you help me?

E. Do your best!

The use of Will, Would, Be going to

Sobat Pintar, dalam mengutarakan intention (rencana, keinginan) dan willingness (kesediaan) terdapat beberapa kata atau frasa yang sering digunakan nih.

Sebelum kita ke penggunaannya dalam kalimat, kita pahami dulu yuk, apa aja sih perbedaannya.

Kapan sih kita menggunakan will?

Ketika kita akan:

  • mengungkapkan kepercayaan tentang masa kini dan masa depan
  • membicarakan tentang apa yang diinginkan atau kesediaan melakukan sesuatu
  • membuat janji, tawaran atau permintaan

Nah, kalau penggunaannya would bagaimana?

Would merupakan bentuk lampau dari will, sehingga digunakan untuk:

  • membicarakan sesuatu di masa lampau
  • membicarakan hipotesa ketika kita mengimajinasikan sesuatu
  • sopan santun

Be going to biasa digunakan mirip dengan will.

Jika will menyatakan sebuah kepastian, sedangkan be going to digunakan saat kita ingin menyatakan sebuah keputusan atau bukti di masa kini.

Be going to  biasa digunakan dalam situasi tidak formal (Informal ways) untuk mengutarakan intention, prediction, dan command.

Latihan 1

Complete the sentence below!
Your teacher … proud if you win in the contest.

A. Will

B. Will be

C. Be

D. Going to

E. To

Latihan 2

Choose the correct answer!
It is eight already, we … be late.

A. Are going to

B. Be going to

C. Were going to

D. Is going to

E. Was going to

Latihan 3

Complete the sentence below!
…….. buy the extra foods in winter.

A. I will

B. I going to

C. I’m going

D. Going to

E. Would

Latihan 4

Choose the best answer!
What … I learn in English class?

A. Am going to

B. Will

C. Would

D. Like

E. It

Latihan 5

Complete the sentence below!
Yosy: Why are you filling that bucket with water?
Nala: …... (wash) the car.

A. I Will to wash

B. I wash

C.

I am going to wash

D. I would like to wash

E. I would wash

Latihan 6

Complete the sentence below!
I would like to …… you to our wedding next month.

A. Invited

B. Inviting

C. Invites

D. Invitation

E. Invite

Latihan 7

Choose the best answer of A, B, C, D and E!
…… you like to go out tonight?

A. Going to

B. Would

C. Are going to

D. Will be

E. We will

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