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Peta Konsep

Halo, Sobat Pintar! Ini nih ada Peta Belajar Bersama Bahasa Inggris Bab ke 6!


Nah sekarang kita lanjut ke Modul berikutnya yah Sobat Pintar, check it out!

Narrative Text


 

Narrative text adalah teks yang berisi tentang cerita hayalan, dongeng, ataupun kisah nyata yang telah dilebih-lebihkan.

Biasanya ada nilai moral yang bisa dipetik di akhir cerita.

Contoh narrative text bisa berupa cerita rakyat, cerita binatang, legenda, mitos, cerita pendek, komik, cerita kartun, dan lain-lain.

Tujuan dari narrative text adalah untuk menghibur pembaca dengan cerita dan juga nilai moral yang terkandung dalam cerita tersebut.

Teks naratif menggunakan Simple past tense.

Types of Narrative Text


Sobat Pintar, di bagian ini kita belajar bersama yuk, tentang jenis-jenis dari teks naratif.

Myth (Mitos)

Myths terdiri cerita yang  menjelaskan bagaimana dunia kita bekerja dan bagaimana kita harus memperlakukan setiap cerita. Biasanya diatur dalam waktu lama, sebelum sejarah seperti yang kita tahu itu ditulis.

Dalam mitos lain, dewa atau "makhluk super" menggunakan kekuasaan mereka untuk membuat peristiwa atau cerita petualangan dewa, dewi, pria dan wanita. Mitos-mitos menggambarkan hal-hal besar yang terjadi pada masyarakat dan pilihan yang mereka buat.
Contoh :
Malin Kundang

Legends (Legenda)

Legends juga cerita yang telah dibuat, tetapi mereka berbeda dengan mitos. mitos menjawab pertanyaan tentang cara kerja alam, dan diatur dalam waktu panjang yang lalu, sebelum sejarah ditulis.

Legenda tentang orang-orang dan tindakan atau perbuatan. Orang-orang hidup di zaman yang lebih baru dan disebutkan dalam sejarah. Cerita disampaikan untuk sebuah tujuan dan didasarkan pada fakta-fakta, tetapi mereka tidak benar-benar ada.
Contoh :
Story Of Lake Toba

Fables (Fabel)

Fables adalah tentang binatang yang bisa berbicara dan bertindak seperti orang, atau tanaman atau kekuatan alam seperti petir atau angin. Tanaman mungkin dapat bergerak dan juga berbicara dan kekuatan alam menyebabkan hal-hal terjadi dalam cerita karena kekuatan mereka.
Contoh :
The Wolf and the House Dog

Fairy Tales

Fairy tales adalah cerita yang ditulis khusus untuk anak-anak, sering tentang karakter ajaib seperti elf, peri, goblin dan raksasa. Kadang-kadang karakter binatang.
Contoh :
Snow White And The Seven Dwarf

Latihan 1

Answer this question below!

Once, a hunter lived in a village. He used to boast of his brave hunting trips to the villagers. The villagers respected him a lot. He mostly told everyone how he had fought a lion bare-handed. He said that the tiny animals used to get scared even at the sight of him.

One day, the hunter was passing through a forest. He met a woodcutter from the same village.

The boastful hunter approached him and said, "How are you? It's a fine day, isn't it?" "Yes, yes, indeed!" the woodcutter replied. "Well, can you tell me if you have seen some footprints of the lion nearby? It's been months since I defeated any." The woodcutter knew that the hunter only boasted, so he said, "Yes, a lion is in a nearby den. Can I take you there?" The scared hunter said, "No ... No ... I only just wanted to see his footprints."

Finally, the boastful hunter ran away from the spot.

What is the best title for the text?

A. A Boastful Hunter

B. Brave Woodcutter

C. A Woodcutter's Advice

D. A Woodcutter's Rewards

Latihan 2

Answer this question below!

Once, a hunter lived in a village. He used to boast of his brave hunting trips to the villagers. The villagers respected him a lot. He mostly told everyone how he had fought a lion bare-handed. He said that the tiny animals used to get scared even at the sight of him.

One day, the hunter was passing through a forest. He met a woodcutter from the same village.

The boastful hunter approached him and said, "How are you? It's a fine day, isn't it?" "Yes, yes, indeed!" the woodcutter replied. "Well, can you tell me if you have seen some footprints of the lion nearby? It's been months since I defeated any." The woodcutter knew that the hunter only boasted, so he said, "Yes, a lion is in a nearby den. Can I take you there?" The scared hunter said, "No ... No ... I only just wanted to see his footprints."

Finally, the boastful hunter ran away from the spot.

What did the hunter feel when the woodcutter said that there was a lion in a nearby den?

A. Upset

B. Scared

C. Jealous

D. Disappointed

Latihan 3

Answer this question below!

A wealthy businessman worried about his son's bad habits, so he sought counsel from a wise, old man The old man met the man's son and took him out to a stroll. They walked into the woods, and the old man showed the boy a small sapling and asked him to pull it out. The boy did so with ease, and they walked on.

The old man then asked the boy to pull out a small plant. The boy did that too, with a little effort. As they walked, the old man asked the boy to pull out the bush. which he did. The next was a small tree, which the child had to struggle a lot to pull out. Finally, the old man showed him a bigger tree and asked the child to pull it out. The child failed to pull it out even after trying several times, in different ways. The old man looked at the boy, smiled and said, "So is the case with habits, good or bad".

The businessman worried about his son because he ....

A. Was spoiled

B. as unlucky

C. Behaved badly

D. Disobeyed his parents

Latihan 4

Answer this question below!

The Wolf and The Goat

A wolf saw a goat grazing at the edge of a high cliff. The wolf smacked his lips at the thought of a fine goat dinner.
“My dear friend,” said the wolf in his sweetest voice, “aren’t you afraid you will fall down from that cliff? Come down here and graze on this fine grass beside me on safe, level ground.”
“No, thank you,” said the goat.
“Well then,” said the wolf, “aren’t you cold up there in the wind? You would be warmer grazing down here beside me in this sheltered area.”
“No, Thank you,” said the goat.
“But the grass tastes better down here!” said the exasperated wolf,”Why dine alone?”
“My dear wolf,” the goat finally said, “are you quite sure that it is My dinner you are worrying about and not your own?”

What did the wolf ask when he saw the goat grazing at the edge of a high cliff?

A. To be his friend

B. To graze on the level ground

C. To climb up higher

D. To be his dinner

Latihan 5

Answer this question below!

The Wolf and The Goat

A wolf saw a goat grazing at the edge of a high cliff. The wolf smacked his lips at the thought of a fine goat dinner.
“My dear friend,” said the wolf in his sweetest voice, “aren’t you afraid you will fall down from that cliff? Come down here and graze on this fine grass beside me on safe, level ground.”
“No, thank you,” said the goat.
“Well then,” said the wolf, “aren’t you cold up there in the wind? You would be warmer grazing down here beside me in this sheltered area.”
“No, Thank you,” said the goat.
“But the grass tastes better down here!” said the exasperated wolf,”Why dine alone?”
“My dear wolf,” the goat finally said, “are you quite sure that it is My dinner you are worrying about and not your own?”

“Aren’t you cold up there in the wind?”
The word ‘there’ refers to ….

A. A high cliff

B. Sheltered area

C. Grass

D. Ground

Latihan 6

Answer this question below!

One day a man stopped at a flower shop to order some flowers. He wanted to send it to his mother who lived far in another town through a delivery company. Meanwhile he was looking at sad young girl who was sitting in front of the flower shop. He asked her what was wrong and she replied, “I wanted to buy a red rose for my mother but my money is not enough”. The man smiled and said, “Come on in with me I’ll buy you a rose.” He bought the little girl a rose and he ordered for his own mother flowers too.

After buying a rose flower for the girl the man offered the girl a ride to her home. She said” yes please! You can take me to my mother. She directed him to a cemetery. The girl placed the rose on her mother’s fresh grave. Knowing the girl’s mother had died the man realized that he must show his love to his mother while she was still alive. Then the man returned to the flower shop. He cancelled the flower delivery order picked up the rose flower and drove to reach his mother’s house.

The main idea of the first paragraph is …

A. A sad girl was thinking of her mother

B. A man helped a girl by buying her a flower

C. A girl needed a man to deliver her a flower

D. A man bought a flower for a girl

Latihan 7

Answer this question below!

One day a man stopped at a flower shop to order some flowers. He wanted to send it to his mother who lived far in another town through a delivery company. Meanwhile he was looking at sad young girl who was sitting in front of the flower shop. He asked her what was wrong and she replied, “I wanted to buy a red rose for my mother but my money is not enough”. The man smiled and said, “Come on in with me I’ll buy you a rose.” He bought the little girl a rose and he ordered for his own mother flowers too.

After buying a rose flower for the girl the man offered the girl a ride to her home. She said” yes please! You can take me to my mother. She directed him to a cemetery. The girl placed the rose on her mother’s fresh grave. Knowing the girl’s mother had died the man realized that he must show his love to his mother while she was still alive. Then the man returned to the flower shop. He cancelled the flower delivery order picked up the rose flower and drove to reach his mother’s house.

We can learn that we have to ….

A. Show our loves to our mother

B. Buy flowers for our mothers

C. Keep our mother alive

D. Obey to our mother

Structure of Narrative Text


Struktur dari narrative text umumnya ada 3 yaitu sebagai berikut.

  • Orientation: berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat, dan waktu. Orientation berada di awal cerita.
  • Complication: sebuah masalah yang diangkat yang diikuti oleh masalah-masalah lain. Complication berada di pertengahan cerita.
  • Resolution: solusi/pemecahan dari masalah. Solusi berada di akhir cerita.

Example of Narrative Text


 

 

A Woman and the Wolves

A long time ago, very few people lived in the New Territories. There were only a few villages. If the people wanted to go from one village to another, they often had to pass through wild and unsafe forest.

One day, a farmer’s young wife went to the next village to visit her own mother and brother. She brought along her baby son. When it was time for her to leave, her brother said “ it is getting dark. Let my son, Ah Tim go with you though the forest.”

So Ah Tim led the way and the young woman followed behind, carrying her baby. When they were in the forest, suddenly they saw a group of wolves. They began to run to avoid the danger, but Ah Tim kicked against a stone and fell down. At once the wolves caught him. The young woman cried to the wolves, “ please eat my own son instead.” Then, she put her baby son on the ground in front of the wolves and took her nephew away.

Everyone understood that this was because the woman was very good and kind. She had offered her own son’s life to save her nephew.

They ran back to the house and called for help. All men in the village fetched thick sticks and went back with her into the forest. When they got there, they saw something very strange. Instead of eating the woman’s baby the wolves were playing with him.

Latihan 1

Answer this question below!

A Fox and A Cat

One day, a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. “Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,” she said.

“I know only one trick to get away from dogs,” said the cat. “You should teach me some of yours!”.

“Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones”, replied the fox airily.

Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. “This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know”, said the cat. “Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?”.

The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.

What is the purpose of the text?

A. To describe how a fox and a cat look like

B. To report the story of a fox and a cat

C. To entertain the readers with the story

D. To persuade the readers to believe the story

Latihan 2

Answer this question below!

A Fox and A Cat

One day, a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. “Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,” she said.

“I know only one trick to get away from dogs,” said the cat. “You should teach me some of yours!”.

“Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones”, replied the fox airily.

Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. “This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know”, said the cat. “Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?”.

The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.

What does the word conceited mean?

A. Brave

B. Selfish

C. Arrogant

D. Spoiled

Latihan 3

Answer this question below!

A Milkmaid had been in the meadow to milk her cows. Now she was returning home with a pail of milk on her hand. She thought, "I will make cream and butter out of this milk. Then after selling them, I will buy eggs. And when they hatch, I shall have a good poultry farm".

She further thought, "I shall sell some of my chickens and buy a fine dress. Seeing it on my body at the party, all the boys will admire me. But I will turn them away". She went on day dreaming; she forgot about the pail on her head. She moved her head suddenly and the pail of milk came tumbling down. It was broken and all the milk split. "Dear, 0 dear!" she cried, "I have lost mine all".

What did the milk-maid carry on her hand?

 

A. Some cream

B. Some butter

C. A pail of milk

D. A pail of eggs

Latihan 4

Answer this question below!

A Milkmaid had been in the meadow to milk her cows. Now she was returning home with a pail of milk on her hand. She thought, "I will make cream and butter out of this milk. Then after selling them, I will buy eggs. And when they hatch, I shall have a good poultry farm".

She further thought, "I shall sell some of my chickens and buy a fine dress. Seeing it on my body at the party, all the boys will admire me. But I will turn them away". She went on day dreaming; she forgot about the pail on her head. She moved her head suddenly and the pail of milk came tumbling down. It was broken and all the milk split. "Dear, 0 dear!" she cried, "I have lost mine all".

What does the text tell us about?

A. Spilt milk

B. A pail of milk

C. A hardworking girl

D. A day dreaming milk-maid

Latihan 5

Answer this question below!

In ancient times, the king placed a boulder on a roadway. Then he hid and watched to see if anyone would remove the huge rock. Some of the king’s wealthiest merchants and courtiers came by and simply walked around it.

Many loudly blamed the king for not keeping the roads clear, but none did anything to get the big stone out of the ways. Then a peasant came along, carrying a load of vegetables. On approaching the boulder, the peasant laid down his burden and tried to move the stone to the side of the road. After lots of pushing and straining, he finally succeeded. As the peasant picked up his load of vegetables, he noticed a purse lying on the road where the boulder had been.

The purse contained a lot of gold coins and a note from the king indicating that the gold was for the person who removed the boulder from the roadway. The peasant learned what many others never understand.

What does the last paragraph tell us?

A. The roads that people built with the king

B. The person who liked keeping the roads well

C. The purpose of putting the boulder and purse

D. The way the peasant removed the boulder on the road

Latihan 6

Answer this question below!

In ancient times, the king placed a boulder on a roadway. Then he hid and watched to see if anyone would remove the huge rock. Some of the king’s wealthiest merchants and courtiers came by and simply walked around it.

Many loudly blamed the king for not keeping the roads clear, but none did anything to get the big stone out of the ways. Then a peasant came along, carrying a load of vegetables. On approaching the boulder, the peasant laid down his burden and tried to move the stone to the side of the road. After lots of pushing and straining, he finally succeeded. As the peasant picked up his load of vegetables, he noticed a purse lying on the road where the boulder had been.

The purse contained a lot of gold coins and a note from the king indicating that the gold was for the person who removed the boulder from the roadway. The peasant learned what many others never understand.

What can we learn from the story?

A. A problem may be a blessing in disguise

B. There are so many problems in life

C. An obstacle may make us stronger

D. We have to avoid any problem in our life

Latihan 7

Answer this question below!

There was a girl named Pina who lived on a fruit plantation with her mother. When her mother worked night and day, little Pina spend all her time playing with her friends. When her mother asked her to do something, she would always reply that she couldn't find things, even if it was laying night in front of her eyes.
   
One day, her mother fell ill and couldn't even get up to cook some food. So, she asked Pina to cook some rice. However, Pina being her lazy self, said "I can't find the pot. So where should I put the rice?". Her mother told her where the pot was. Then she said, "Where is the ladle, how am I going to cook without a ladle?" Again her sick mother had to tell her the exact location. Pina did the same with salt, rice and water! Enraged by Pina's behavior, her mother curse " May you grow a thousand eyes" and went back to sleep.
   
When she woke up, she could not find her daughter. She searched and searched and so did every single person on plantation. When Pina's mother saw the fruit, she was immediately reminded of Pina's beautiful brown eyes and thus, the fruit with a thousand eyes was named " Pinya", meaning  Pineapple in Tagalog.

The best title for the text is ....

A. The fruit with thousands of eyes

B. A lazy girl in plantation

C. The origin of pineapple

D. A missing girl

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