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BelajarPintarV3

Narrative Text

Narrative text adalah teks yang berisi tentang cerita hayalan, dongeng, ataupun kisah nyata yang telah dilebih-lebihkan.

Biasanya ada nilai moral yang bisa dipetik di akhir cerita.

Contoh narrative text bisa berupa cerita rakyat, cerita binatang, legenda, mitos, cerita pendek, komik, cerita kartun, dan lain-lain.

Tujuan dari narrative text adalah untuk menghibur pembaca dengan cerita dan juga nilai moral yang terkandung dalam cerita tersebut.

Teks naratif menggunakan Simple past tense.

Types of Narrative Text

Sobat Pintar, di bagian ini kita belajar bersama yuk, tentang jenis-jenis dari teks naratif.

Myth (Mitos)

Myths terdiri cerita yang  menjelaskan bagaimana dunia kita bekerja dan bagaimana kita harus memperlakukan setiap cerita. Biasanya diatur dalam waktu lama, sebelum sejarah seperti yang kita tahu itu ditulis.

Dalam mitos lain, dewa atau "makhluk super" menggunakan kekuasaan mereka untuk membuat peristiwa atau cerita petualangan dewa, dewi, pria dan wanita. Mitos-mitos menggambarkan hal-hal besar yang terjadi pada masyarakat dan pilihan yang mereka buat.
Contoh :
Malin Kundang

Legends (Legenda)

Legends juga cerita yang telah dibuat, tetapi mereka berbeda dengan mitos. mitos menjawab pertanyaan tentang cara kerja alam, dan diatur dalam waktu panjang yang lalu, sebelum sejarah ditulis.

Legenda tentang orang-orang dan tindakan atau perbuatan. Orang-orang hidup di zaman yang lebih baru dan disebutkan dalam sejarah. Cerita disampaikan untuk sebuah tujuan dan didasarkan pada fakta-fakta, tetapi mereka tidak benar-benar ada.
Contoh :
Story Of Lake Toba

Fables (Fabel)

Fables adalah tentang binatang yang bisa berbicara dan bertindak seperti orang, atau tanaman atau kekuatan alam seperti petir atau angin. Tanaman mungkin dapat bergerak dan juga berbicara dan kekuatan alam menyebabkan hal-hal terjadi dalam cerita karena kekuatan mereka.
Contoh :
The Wolf and the House Dog

Fairy Tales

Fairy tales adalah cerita yang ditulis khusus untuk anak-anak, sering tentang karakter ajaib seperti elf, peri, goblin dan raksasa. Kadang-kadang karakter binatang.
Contoh :
Snow White And The Seven Dwarf

Structure of Narrative Text

Struktur dari narrative text umumnya ada 3 yaitu sebagai berikut.

  • Orientation: berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat, dan waktu. Orientation berada di awal cerita.
  • Complication: sebuah masalah yang diangkat yang diikuti oleh masalah-masalah lain. Complication berada di pertengahan cerita.
  • Resolution: solusi/pemecahan dari masalah. Solusi berada di akhir cerita.

Example of Narrative Text

Fox and A Cat

One day, a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. “Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,” she said.

“I know only one trick to get away from dogs,” said the cat. “You should teach me some of yours!”.

“Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones”, replied the fox airily.

Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. “This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know”, said the cat. “Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?”.

The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.

Latihan 1

A Fox and A Cat

One day, a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. “Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,” she said.

“I know only one trick to get away from dogs,” said the cat. “You should teach me some of yours!”.

“Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones”, replied the fox airily.

Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. “This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know”, said the cat. “Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?”.

The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.

What is the purpose of the text?

A. To describe how a fox and a cat look like

B. To report the story of a fox and a cat

C. To entertain the readers with the story

D. To persuade the readers to believe the story

Latihan 2

A Fox and A Cat

One day, a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. “Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,” she said.

“I know only one trick to get away from dogs,” said the cat. “You should teach me some of yours!”.

“Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones”, replied the fox airily.

Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. “This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know”, said the cat. “Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?”.

The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.

What does the word conceited mean?

A. Brave

B. Selfish

C. Arrogant

D. Spoiled

Example of Narrative Text

A Woman and the Wolves

A long time ago, very few people lived in the New Territories. There were only a few villages. If the people wanted to go from one village to another, they often had to pass through wild and unsafe forest.

One day, a farmer’s young wife went to the next village to visit her own mother and brother. She brought along her baby son. When it was time for her to leave, her brother said “ it is getting dark. Let my son, Ah Tim go with you though the forest.”

So Ah Tim led the way and the young woman followed behind, carrying her baby. When they were in the forest, suddenly they saw a group of wolves. They began to run to avoid the danger, but Ah Tim kicked against a stone and fell down. At once the wolves caught him. The young woman cried to the wolves, “ please eat my own son instead.” Then, she put her baby son on the ground in front of the wolves and took her nephew away.

Everyone understood that this was because the woman was very good and kind. She had offered her own son’s life to save her nephew.

They ran back to the house and called for help. All men in the village fetched thick sticks and went back with her into the forest. When they got there, they saw something very strange. Instead of eating the woman’s baby the wolves were playing with him.

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