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Peta Konsep

Halo, Sobat Pintar! Ini nih ada Peta Belajar Bersama Bahasa Inggris Bab ke 4!


Nah sekarang kita lanjut ke Modul berikutnya yah Sobat Pintar, check it out!

Procedure Text


Procedure text atau teks prosedur adalah teks yang bertujuan untuk memberikan petunjuk tentang cara melakukan sesuatu melalui tindakan-tindakan atau langkah-langkah yang berurutan.

Teks prosedur sendiri dapat berupa:

  • Manual menggunakan sesuatu (manual)
  • Resep masakan (Recipe)
  • Langkah percobaan atau eksperimen
  • Langkah mengoperasikan program tertentu

Dengan mengetahui ciri-ciri teks prosedur di bawah ini, kita dapat membedakan lebih baik dari teks yang lain.

  1. Umumnya, teks prosedur menggunakan bentuk waktu masa kini (simple present tense) dan lebih sering menggunakan bentuk berupa kalimat perintah (implerative)
  2. Karena teks ini menjelaskan langkah-langkah dalam melakukan sesuatu, maka kita perlu menggunakan kata penghubung temporal (first, then, nect, finally) atau penomoran sesuai urutan.
  3. Selain itu, teks ini juga menggunakan kata kerja tindakan (action verbs).

Imperative (Kalimat Perintah)


Imperative sentence umumnya tidak menggunakan subject (you) karena dianggap sudah dimengerti atau dengan kata lain imperative sentence merupakan elliptical construction, yaitu konstruksi kalimat yang satu atau lebih elemen penyusunnya dihilangkan karena dianggap sudah dimengerti.

Kalimat perintah (Imperative sentenece) dapat berupa command, request, atau instruction.

Command

  • Do not step on the grass. (Jangan menginjak rumput.)
  • Come in. (Masuk.)
  • Shut up the window! (Tutup jendela.)

Request

  • Please reconsider my job application. (Tolong pertimbangkan lamaran kerja saya.)
  • Let me alone, please. (Biarkan saya sendiri.)

Instruction

  • Add a glass of coconut milk into a pan and then boil it. (Tambahkan satu gelas santan ke dalam panci lalu rebus.)
  • Go straight ahead then turn left. (Jalan lurus ke depan lalu belok kiri.)

Latihan 1

Answer this question below!

Which one is not the example of imperative sentence?

A. Go away!

B. Let him go, please.

C. Go left then make a u-turn.

D. What should I go?

Latihan 2

Answer this question below!

Which one is not the example of Procedure Text?

A. How to write a good essay

B. How to operate a washing machine

C. How do you do

D. How to draw an eye

Latihan 3

Answer this question below!

How to Clean an LCD Screen

1. Shake up the detergent and put it 15 — 20 cm away from the LCD screen.

2. Spray on the LCD screen surface directly.

3. Cleanse gently using the fabric cleanser or brush.

You can also do the following steps:

1. Spray the detergent on the fabric cleanser.

2. Clean the LCD screen surface to make it as bright as a new one.

The first thing we should do to the detergent is ....

A. Spray it

B. Clean it

C. Shake it up

D. Put it away

Latihan 4

Answer this question below!

How to Clean an LCD Screen

1. Shake up the detergent and put it 15 — 20 cm away from the LCD screen.

2. Spray on the LCD screen surface directly.

3. Cleanse gently using the fabric cleanser or brush.

You can also do the following steps:

1. Spray the detergent on the fabric cleanser.

2. Clean the LCD screen surface to make it as bright as a new one.

Before cleaning the screen surface, we spray the detergent on the screen surface directly or

spray it on ....

A. The brush

B. The paper

C. Our fingers

D. The fabric cleanser

Latihan 5

Answer this question below!

Ingredients
- 250 cc hot water
- 50 gram instant porridge
- 1 spoon soya sauce
- 1 spoon chili sauce
- Crackers
- 10 gram meat floss

Suggested Preparation
1. Put instant porridge into a bowl.
2. Pour 250 cc hot water, stir well Leave it for about 3 minutes until porridge thickened.
3. Add soya sauce and chili sauce (as much as you like).
4. Then, spread crackers and meat floss The porridge is ready to be served.

How much instant porridge do you need to make the meat floss porridge?

A. 250 cc

B. 50 gram

C. 1 spoon

D. 10 gram

Latihan 6

Answer this question below!


Ingredients
- 250 cc hot water
- 50 gram instant porridge
- 1 spoon soya sauce
- 1 spoon chili sauce
- Crackers
- 10 gram meat floss

Suggested Preparation
1. Put instant porridge into a bowl.
2. Pour 250 cc hot water, stir well Leave it for about 3 minutes until porridge thickened.
3. Add soya sauce and chili sauce (as much as you like).
4. Then, spread crackers and meat floss The porridge is ready to be served.

What should we do after stirring the porridge?

A. Put the instant porridge into a bowl

B. Add soya sauce and chili sauce

C. Add crackers and meat floss

D. Wait for about 3 minutes

Latihan 7

Answer this question below!

EASY TO USE AND EFFICIENT
The new Megatron™ microwave oven brings the latest cooking technology into your kitchen. This microwave oven uses state of the art magnetic technology to heat your food electronically. It is safe, clean, and most of all, very efficient. Just follow the steps below : 

1. Plug in the microwave. No need to press an ON button, the microwave is always ready to use! It is in a standby mode to save power.
2. Put your food in the Mega ™ microwave bowl. Made from durable non-stick plastic. Multi-purpose and easy to clean. Come free with your purchase of that Megatron™ microwave oven.
3. Put the bowl into the microwave, close the oven door.
4. Press the Auto Cook Button. Choose from the options: Meat, Vegetable, Rice, Cake and Microwave Meal.
5. Press the START button. The microwave oven will cook the food in a matter of minutes. It will stop automatically when the food is done.
6. When the microwave stops, press the open button and take the bowl out of the oven. Your meal is ready to serve.

What must we do first if we want to operate the new Megatron microwave oven?

A. Put the food in the microwave oven

B. Use a standby mode

C. Press the on button

D. Plug in the microwave oven

Structure of Procedure Text


Dari Sobat Pintar, ada yang sudah memahami bagaimana menulis sebuah teks prosedur?

Yuk kita pelajari bersama struktur dari bagaimana menulis teks prosedur.

  • Aim / Goal / Purpose (tujuan)
    Biasanya “Aim” dalam teks procedure sudah terlihat pada judul
  • Materials and Ingredients (alat dan bahan)
    Berisi tentang daftar bahan dan peralatan agar tujuannya tercapai. Pada jenis teks procedure tententu, tahap ini bersifat optional, bisa ada atau tidak.
  • Steps (Langkah-langkah)
    Berisi tentang langkah-langkah yang perlu dilakukan. Langkah-langkah tersebut dijelaskan secara rinci dan berurutan. Karena ini adalah procedure dan bersifat teknis, maka urutan langkah-langka tersebut sangat penting dan tidak boleh tertukar. Biasanya diawali dengan kata squence of time seperti first, second, third dan lainnya.

Example of Procedure Text


Sobat, berikut ini ada contoh dari teks prosedur yang dapat kalian pelajari.

How to Make a Pancake

INGREDIENTS :

  • 3 – 4 spoonful of flour
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 ½ (250 ml) of milk
  • 1 stick of butter

MATERIALS :

  • 1 mixing bowl
  • 2 table spoons
  • 2 cups
  • 1 small pan

PROCEDURE :

  • Put the flour in the bowl.
  • Put milk in a cup.
  • Make sure it’s 250 ml of milk.
  • Put the milk in the bowl.
  • Break the 2 eggs into the bowl.
  • Mix it with a spoon.
  • Heat up the pan and put the butter
  • Put the mix in the pan.
  • Let the pancake mix cook about 5 minutes
  • Flip pancake over when the top is brown.
  • Your pancake its ready to be serve.

Latihan 1

Answer this question below!

How to Make a Pancake

INGREDIENTS :

  • 3 – 4 spoonful of flour
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 ½ (250 ml) of milk
  • 1 stick of butter

MATERIALS :

  • 1 mixing bowl
  • 2 table spoons
  • 2 cups
  • 1 small pan

PROCEDURE :

  • Put the flour in the bowl.
  • Put milk in a cup.
  • Make sure it’s 250 ml of milk.
  • Put the milk in the bowl.
  • Break the 2 eggs into the bowl.
  • Mix it with a spoon.
  • Heat up the pan and put the butter
  • Put the mix in the pan.
  • Let the pancake mix cook about 5 minutes
  • Flip pancake over when the top is brown.
  • Your pancake its ready to be serve.

We need to read this text, if ....

A. we want to use flour

B. we want to make pancake

C. we want to use the pan

D. we want to put the milk

Latihan 2

Answer this question below!

How To Make a Pencil Case

Steps
1. Choose the size you want. If you want to put longer items, such as a ruler, placed in your pencil case, you’ll need a longer pencil case.
2. Find a bag or box that suitable with your choice of size. It doesn’t have to be nice-looking, but strong and clean.
3. Cover the box with paper, any color.
4. Decorate the container. Try some or all of the following ideas:

  • a) Put some cool sticker.
  • b) Decorate with your own art work with markers: draw lines: shapes, animals, people, etc.
  • c) Cut some magazine pictures and stick them on it.
  • d) Totally cover the box with wrapping paper
  • e) Glue on shells, buttons or anything else you want to decorate the pencil case with. Add glitter if you like.

5. Show all your friends and be proud of your unique pencil case.

The length of the pencil case depends on ….

A. The items we are going to put there

B. The ruler we have

C. The size of the pen

D. The box that we find

Latihan 3

Answer this question below!

How To Make a Pencil Case

Steps
1. Choose the size you want. If you want to put longer items, such as a ruler, placed in your pencil case, you’ll need a longer pencil case.
2. Find a bag or box that suitable with your choice of size. It doesn’t have to be nice-looking, but strong and clean.
3. Cover the box with paper, any color.
4. Decorate the container. Try some or all of the following ideas:

  • a) Put some cool sticker.
  • b) Decorate with your own art work with markers: draw lines: shapes, animals, people, etc.
  • c) Cut some magazine pictures and stick them on it.
  • d) Totally cover the box with wrapping paper
  • e) Glue on shells, buttons or anything else you want to decorate the pencil case with. Add glitter if you like.

5. Show all your friends and be proud of your unique pencil case.

From the text above we can conclude that we have to be….. in decorating the box to have a good result.

A. Brave

B. Careful

C. Creative

D. Risky

Latihan 4

Answer this question below!

RUJAK BUAH


Ingredients:
➢ 1 cucumber: peeled
➢ 1 papaya: cut into 1/2 inch cubes
➢ 1 pineapple: cut into 1/2 inch cubes, fresh or canned pineapple
➢ 1 apple tart: cut into 1/2 inch cubes
➢ 1 mango: peeled, cubed
➢ 3 tablespoons peanuts: fry
➢ 1 hot chili peppers: seeded, sliced
➢ ¼ cup brown sugar
➢ 1 tablespoon tamarind: dissolved in 1/2 cup of water, strained
Directions:
• Mix all the fruit together
• Grind chilies and salt
• Add brown sugar
• Add dry roasted peanuts and grind completely
• Pour some tamarind liquid
• Mix the sauce and fruit together
• Serve chilled

What should we do with the peanut before we grind them?

A. Peel them

B. Roast them

C. Cut into cubes

D. Add brown sugar on them

Latihan 5

Answer this question below!

RUJAK BUAH


Ingredients:
➢ 1 cucumber: peeled
➢ 1 papaya: cut into 1/2 inch cubes
➢ 1 pineapple: cut into 1/2 inch cubes, fresh or canned pineapple
➢ 1 apple tart: cut into 1/2 inch cubes
➢ 1 mango: peeled, cubed
➢ 3 tablespoons peanuts: fry
➢ 1 hot chili peppers: seeded, sliced
➢ ¼ cup brown sugar
➢ 1 tablespoon tamarind: dissolved in 1/2 cup of water, strained
Directions:
• Mix all the fruit together
• Grind chilies and salt
• Add brown sugar
• Add dry roasted peanuts and grind completely
• Pour some tamarind liquid
• Mix the sauce and fruit together
• Serve chilled

What should be dissolved?

A. The apple

B. The mango

C. The tamarind

D. The pineapple

Latihan 6

Answer this question below!

How to Repel Mice


Mice might look cute, but they can be harmful pets that destroy household items, eat and mess with food and can spread severe diseases through their feces and parasites they carry. Here are some useful tips on how to repel house mice:

1. Use peppermint, put the peppermint near wall corners.
2. Pour generous amount of peppermint oil on cotton balls.
3. Place the saturated cotton balls on areas where mice are possibly seen-around counter tops, under the sofas in your living room.
4. Put them behind shelves, wall corners or on the floor beneath your kitchen sink.

Why do we use peppermint to repel mice? Because ....

A. Peppermint is fresh to breathe

B. Mice love the peppermint

C. Mice will die of breathing mint

D. Mice hate the smell of peppermint

Latihan 7

Answer this question below!

How to Repel Mice

Mice might look cute, but they can be harmful pets that destroy household items, eat and mess with food and can spread severe diseases through their feces and parasites they carry. Here are some useful tips on how to repel house mice:

1. Use peppermint, put the peppermint near wall corners.
2. Pour generous amount of peppermint oil on cotton balls.
3. Place the saturated cotton balls on areas where mice are possibly seen-around counter tops, under the sofas in your living room.
4. Put them behind shelves, wall corners or on the floor beneath your kitchen sink.

From the text above, we can conclude that ....

A. Mice spread severe diseases through feces

B. Peppermint is useful to repel mice

C. Mice love peppermint

D. We can place oil everywhere to repel mice

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