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Contoh Analytical Exposition Text Lengkap dengan Tujuan dan Generic Structure-nya

Analytical exposition text dalam bahasa Inggris memiliki struktur dan ciri yang khas.

Teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris adalah jenis teks berbahasa Inggris yang berfungsi menginformasikan kepada pembaca tentang bahasan yang berkaitan dengan fenomena atau isu yang ada. Apa ciri khas yang membedakannya dari teks-teks lainnya? Langsung aja yuk, kita ke pembahasan lengkapnya di bawah ini, Sobat Pintar!


Pengertian Analytical Exposition 

analytical exposition text dalam bahasa inggris
Photo by Lukas on Pexels

Apa sih, teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris atau analytical exposition itu? Analytical exposition adalah salah satu jenis teks yang menjelaskan pendapat penulis secara rinci terhadap fenomena atau isu yang terjadi tanpa bermaksud memengaruhi pembaca untuk setuju atau melakukan sesuatu. 

Lalu, tujuan analytical exposition text itu apa? Teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris meyakinkan pembaca bahwa topik yang dibahas memang penting untuk menjadi diskusi bersama. Maka dari itu, terkadang penulis menambahkan pertanyaan di akhir tulisan, seperti “Do you agree with this decision?” atau “What do you think about this topic?”


Language Features/Ciri-ciri Kebahasaan Analytical Exposition

generic structure analytical exposition
Photo by Dmitry Ratushny on Unsplash

Untuk mengenali analytical exposition text dalam bahasa Inggris, kita perlu mengetahui ciri-cirinya. Sama seperti ketika kita bertemu seseorang pertama kali, Sobat. Kita juga memperhatikan ciri-ciri orang tersebut, bukan? Nah, berikut beberapa ciri kebahasaan dari analytical exposition:

  1. Teks ini membahas fakta atau hal yang terjadi di masa kini, sehingga kita perlu menggunakan simple present tense.
  2. Karena akan mengutarakan opini, kita memerlukan kata-kata yang dapat digunakan untuk mengekspresikan apa yang kita rasa atau pikirkan, seperti experience, seem, feel, know, think, realize, sense, dsb.
  3. Dalam proses menjabarkan pendapat, adakalanya kita perlu menghubungkan satu kalimat dengan kalimat yang lain atau satu klausa dengan klausa yang lain. Untuk itu, kita perlu kata penghubung/conjunction.

Berikut kelompok kata penghubung/conjuntion yang dapat digunakan sebagai penghubung antar klausa dan kalimat. Kata-kata hubung ini sering kita jumpai dalam teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris:

  • Untuk menambahkan ide atau pendapat: in addition to, besides, furthermore
  • Untuk membandingkan beberapa ide atau pendapat: but, while, vice versa, whereas, meanwhile, on the other hand
  • Untuk menunjukkan urutan atau waktu: first, then, next
  • Untuk menunjukkan sebab-akibat: as a result, because, by, consequently, despite, due to, for that reason.


Struktur Analytical Exposition

contoh teks analytical exposition
Photo by Mark Fletcher-Brown on Unsplash

Jika sudah mengetahui garis besar penulisannya, yuk kita lanjut belajar bagaimana menulis sebuah analytical exposition text. Generic structure analytical exposition terdiri dari thesis, arguments, dan reiteration/conclusion.


Bagian pertama penulisan teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris yaitu thesis. Kita dapat menuliskan apa yang akan didiskusikan atau disampaikan pada bagian thesis ini.

Kita juga bisa menambahkan apa saja alasan yang menyebabkan fenomena atau sebuah isu terjadi. Tujuannya adalah agar pembaca bisa memprediksi mengapa kita perlu menjelaskan pendapat tentang sebuah topik dalam teks tersebut. 

Bagian thesis pada umumnya terletak di paragraf pertama teks. Ingat Sobat, jelaskan dengan baik pendapatmu di bagian thesis agar pesan dapat tersampaikan dan dipahami pembaca dengan baik.


Kita sampai di bagian kedua teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris. Pada bagian ini, kita sudah bisa menjabarkan topik yang sedang dibahas dengan lebih rinci lagi.

Kita juga bisa menyebutkan lebih dari satu pendapat atau perspektif. Tujuannya agar pembaca lebih memercayai bahwa hal yang sedang dibahas di dalam teks itu matter dan perlu mendapat perhatian lebih.

Ingat juga ya, Sobat. Pendapat-pendapat yang dijabarkan dalam bagian arguments ini wajib berhubungan dengan apa yang disebutkan di bagian sebelumnya dalam teks, yakni thesis. Maka dari itu, kita perlu fokus dan menghindari pembahasan yang terlalu luas.


Cihuy! Sampai juga kita di bagian akhir dalam proses penulisan teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris. Pastinya, bagian ini terletak di paragraf terakhir, yang bisa kita sebut conclusion atau kesimpulan. Di paragraf ini kita dapat memberikan penegasan kembali atas perspektif atau posisi kita terhadap topik yang telah disampaikan sebelumnya.


Contoh Analytical Exposition

Di bawah ini merupakan contoh teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris. Perhatikan bagian-bagiannya ya, Sobat Pintar!

Example #1

Photo by Aku Pintar

Example #2

The Importance of Reading

I personally think that reading is an important activity in our life. Why do I say so?

Firstly, by reading we can get a lot of information about many things in the world such as science, technology, sports, arts and culture.

Secondly, by reading we can get a lot of news and knowledge about something happening in any part of the world which we can see directly.

Thirdly, reading can give us pleasure. When we are tired, we can read books, newspapers or magazines on the entertainment column such as short stories, comedies or quizzes to make us relax.

Fourthly, reading can also take us to other parts of the world. By reading a book about Irian Jaya we may feel that we’re really sitting in the jungles, not at home in our rooms.

Based on the facts above, it is obvious that everyone needs to read books, newspapers, magazines or others to get knowledge, news, information and also entertainment. In other words, we can say reading is truly important in our life.

(Source: englishadmin.com)

Example #3

Why We are not Allowed to Text while Driving

The popularity of mobile devices has had some dangerous consequences. We know that mobile communications are linked to a significant increase in distracted driving which results in injury and loss of life.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that in 2010 driver distraction was the cause of 18 percent of all fatal crashes – with 3,092 people killed – and crashes resulting in an injury – with 416,000 people wounded.

The Virginia Tech Transportation Institute found that text messaging creates a crash risk 23 times worse than driving while not distracted.

Eleven percent of drivers aged 18 to 20 who were involved in an automobile accident and survived admitted they were sending or receiving texts when they crashed.

Distracted driving endangers life and property and the current levels of injury and loss are unacceptable.

(Source: books.google.co.id)

Example #4

The Benefits of Regular Exercise

Regular exercise is often touted as a key component of a healthy lifestyle, and for good reason. The benefits of incorporating regular physical activity into one's routine are numerous and wide-ranging.

Firstly, regular exercise is essential for maintaining a healthy weight. By engaging in activities such as jogging, swimming, or cycling, individuals can burn calories and prevent excess weight gain. Moreover, regular exercise helps to boost metabolism, making it easier to manage weight over the long term.

Secondly, exercise is crucial for promoting cardiovascular health. Aerobic activities like running or brisk walking help to strengthen the heart and improve circulation, reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke. Additionally, regular exercise can lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, further protecting against cardiovascular issues.

Furthermore, regular exercise has been shown to have significant mental health benefits. Physical activity stimulates the production of endorphins, neurotransmitters that promote feelings of happiness and well-being. As a result, exercise can help alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as improve overall mood and self-esteem.

In addition to its physical and mental health benefits, regular exercise is also important for enhancing cognitive function. Studies have shown that physical activity can improve memory, attention, and problem-solving skills, making it an essential component of academic and professional success.

In conclusion, the benefits of regular exercise are undeniable. From improving physical fitness and cardiovascular health to boosting mood and cognitive function, incorporating regular physical activity into one's routine is essential for achieving overall well-being. Therefore, individuals should strive to make exercise a priority in their daily lives, reaping the countless rewards that come with an active lifestyle.

Example #5

The Importance of Renewable Energy

In recent years, the conversation surrounding renewable energy has gained traction as societies grapple with the urgent need to address climate change and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. The importance of transitioning to renewable sources of energy cannot be overstated, as it offers numerous environmental, economic, and social benefits.

Firstly, renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power are inexhaustible and environmentally sustainable. Unlike fossil fuels, which emit harmful greenhouse gases and contribute to air and water pollution, renewable energy technologies generate electricity without depleting finite resources or compromising air quality. By transitioning to renewable energy, societies can significantly reduce their carbon footprint and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Moreover, investing in renewable energy offers significant economic opportunities. The renewable energy sector is one of the fastest-growing industries globally, creating jobs and driving economic growth. From manufacturing and installation to maintenance and research, the renewable energy sector provides employment opportunities across a wide range of skill levels and sectors. Additionally, investing in renewable energy can help reduce dependence on imported fossil fuels, enhancing energy security and stability.

Furthermore, transitioning to renewable energy can promote social equity and environmental justice. Historically, marginalized communities and low-income neighborhoods have borne the brunt of environmental degradation and pollution associated with fossil fuel extraction and combustion. By prioritizing renewable energy deployment in these communities, policymakers can address environmental injustices and promote equitable access to clean, sustainable energy sources.

In conclusion, the importance of transitioning to renewable energy cannot be overstated. From mitigating climate change and reducing pollution to creating jobs and promoting social equity, renewable energy offers a multitude of benefits for society and the planet. Therefore, governments, businesses, and individuals must prioritize investment in renewable energy technologies and policies to ensure a sustainable and prosperous future for generations to come.

Example #6

The Advantages of Online Learning

In recent years, online learning has emerged as a popular alternative to traditional classroom education, offering numerous advantages for learners of all ages. The shift towards online learning has been driven by advancements in technology and increased access to the internet, making education more accessible, flexible, and personalized than ever before.

Firstly, online learning offers unparalleled flexibility and convenience. With online courses, students have the freedom to study at their own pace and on their own schedule, allowing them to balance their education with work, family, and other commitments. This flexibility eliminates barriers to education such as geographical constraints and enables individuals from diverse backgrounds to pursue their educational goals.

Moreover, online learning provides access to a vast array of educational resources and materials. Through online platforms and digital libraries, students can access lectures, textbooks, videos, and interactive learning modules from anywhere in the world. This abundance of resources enhances the learning experience and allows students to explore topics in depth, fostering critical thinking and independent learning skills.

Furthermore, online learning promotes inclusivity and diversity in education. By breaking down geographical barriers and offering flexible learning options, online courses enable individuals with disabilities, caregivers, and non-traditional students to access higher education and professional development opportunities. Additionally, online learning platforms often offer support services such as tutoring, counseling, and peer networking, ensuring that all students have the resources they need to succeed.

In addition to its flexibility and accessibility, online learning can also be more cost-effective than traditional classroom education. Without the need for physical infrastructure or transportation, online courses can be more affordable for both students and educational institutions. Furthermore, online learning eliminates expenses associated with commuting, parking, and housing, making higher education more accessible to students from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds.

In conclusion, online learning offers numerous advantages for learners of all ages and backgrounds. From its flexibility and convenience to its accessibility and cost-effectiveness, online education has revolutionized the way we learn and has the potential to democratize access to education on a global scale. Therefore, policymakers, educators, and employers must continue to invest in and support online learning initiatives to ensure that all individuals have the opportunity to pursue their educational and professional aspirations.

Sudah belajar banyak dari contoh teks analytical exposition di atas kan, Sobat Pintar? Enggak lengkap tanpa belajar latihan soalnya, dong! Yuk, kita latihan mengerjakan soal-soal teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris di bawah!

The Importance of Vaccination

Vaccination is a critical aspect of public health that has contributed significantly to the eradication of various diseases and the prevention of countless deaths worldwide. Despite the overwhelming scientific evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of vaccines, there remains a persistent anti-vaccination movement fueled by misinformation and misconceptions. It is essential to recognize the importance of vaccination in safeguarding individual and community health.

One of the primary arguments against vaccination is the misconception that vaccines cause more harm than good. However, extensive research has consistently demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of vaccines in preventing infectious diseases. Vaccines undergo rigorous testing and evaluation before approval for public use, ensuring that they meet stringent safety standards. Moreover, the benefits of vaccination far outweigh the rare risks of adverse reactions, which are typically mild and temporary.

Another common misconception perpetuated by anti-vaccination advocates is the belief that natural immunity acquired through infection is superior to vaccine-induced immunity. While recovering from certain diseases may confer immunity, it often comes at a significant cost, including severe illness, complications, and even death. In contrast, vaccines stimulate the immune system to produce protective antibodies without causing illness, providing a safer and more reliable means of immunity.

Furthermore, vaccination not only protects individuals but also helps prevent the spread of infectious diseases within communities through herd immunity. When a significant portion of the population is vaccinated, it creates a collective barrier that reduces the transmission of pathogens, thereby safeguarding those who cannot receive vaccines due to medical reasons or age-related factors. However, declining vaccination rates pose a threat to herd immunity, leading to outbreaks of preventable diseases and putting vulnerable individuals at risk.

In conclusion, vaccination is a cornerstone of public health that has saved countless lives and prevented untold suffering. It is essential to dispel myths and misinformation surrounding vaccines and promote their widespread acceptance and uptake. By prioritizing vaccination efforts and fostering a culture of trust in scientific evidence, we can protect individuals and communities from the threat of infectious diseases and ensure a healthier future for generations to come.

Answer these questions based on the passage above!

1. What is the primary focus of the text "The Importance of Vaccination"?

A) The benefits of natural immunity over vaccine-induced immunity
B) The dangers of vaccines in causing severe illness
C) The significance of vaccination in public health
D) The effectiveness of herd immunity in preventing diseases

2. According to the text, what is one argument against vaccination?

A) Vaccines undergo rigorous testing and evaluation
B) Natural immunity is safer than vaccine-induced immunity
C) Vaccination contributes to the eradication of diseases
D) Misinformation and misconceptions fuel the anti-vaccination movement

3. How do vaccines stimulate the immune system?

A) By causing severe illness and complications
B) By providing natural immunity through infection
C) By producing protective antibodies without causing illness
D) By increasing the risk of adverse reactions

4. What is one benefit of vaccination mentioned in the text?

A) Decreasing vaccination rates leading to herd immunity
B) Preventing the spread of misinformation
C) Safeguarding individuals and communities from diseases
D) Encouraging a culture of distrust in scientific evidence

5. What is the main recommendation proposed in the text?

A) Encouraging the spread of misinformation about vaccines
B) Prioritizing vaccination efforts and fostering trust in scientific evidence
C) Ignoring the significance of vaccination in public health
D) Increasing vaccination rates to create herd immunity

Oke deh, lengkap sudah! Kita selesai belajar tentang teks eksposisi bahasa Inggris, termasuk contoh text analytical exposition beserta strukturnya.

Nah, biasanya materi analytical exposition itu nyambung sama hortatory exposition. Apa nih, perbedaan analytical exposition dan hortatory exposition? Mau tahu lebih banyak? Kamu bisa belajar tentang Analytical Exposition maupun Hortatory Exposition di aplikasi Aku Pintar!




Penulis: Qorin Rahmaniyah
Penyunting: Deni Purbowati


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