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BelajarPintarV3

Sobat, ini nih, ada Peta Belajar Bersama Bahasa Inggris di bab keenam.


 

Yuk, mulai belajar bersama!

 

Procedure Text


Source: PIXABAY/RitaE via kompas.com

Sobat, pernah gak sih kalian mencari tutorial untuk mengoperasikan sesuatu atau menggunakan sesuatu?

Misalnya nih,

  • Bagaimana membuat Instagram Story yang menarik atau estetik?
  • Bagaimana mengedit video Tiktok yang seru?
  • Bagaimana memasak tteokbokki?

dan, masih banyak lagi contoh yang bisa kalian berikan.

Sebenarnya semua yang kalian cari adalah dasar dari memahami teks prosedur. Dalam bahasa Inggris disebut dengan Procedure Text.

Procedure text adalah jenis teks yang berisi serangkaian instruksi atau petunjuk untuk membantu kita melakukan sesuatu melalui tindakan-tindakan atau langkah-langkah yang runtut (procedure text is a type of text which consists of a series of instructions to help us to do something through coherent actions or steps).

Tujuan dalam menulis teks ini adalah untuk menunjukkan bagaimana sih sesuatu dilakukan melalui urutan langkah yang memungkinkan pembaca untuk mencapai tujuan (The purpose of writing this text is to show how something is done through a sequence of steps which allows the readers to achieve the goal).

Pada umumnya, procedure text akan membahas tentang beberapa jenis berikut:

  • Memasak sesuatu e.g. How to cook bibimbap, How to bake a cake, etc.
  • Membuat sesuatu e.g. How to make a glass of milk tea, How to make boba, etc.
  • Mengoperasikan sesuatu e.g. How to use Adobe Photoshop, How to join a meeting in Zoom, How to edit a TikTok video etc.

Ayo, Sobat, coba sebutkan hal lain yang dapat dibuat dalam teks prosedur!

Characteristics of Procedure Text


Source: id.hotels.com

Dalam teks prosedur biasanya mengandung beberapa karakteristik atau ciri-ciri yang berikut ini, Sobat.

Menggunakan Simple Present Tense

Masih ingat mana yang disebut dengan Simple Present Tense? Nih, yang menggunakan bentuk kata kerja seperti ini:

  • I pour the water.
  • She cuts the onion.
  • He turns off the machine.

Menggunakan imperative sentence

Imperative Sentence merupakan bentuk kalimat yang digunakan untuk memberi perintah.

Contohnya:

  • switch/turn on/off
  • don't mix
  • tap the button
  • click twice

Menggunakan connective of sequence

Contohnya:

  • then
  • while
  • after that
  • next, dan lain sebagainya.

Menggunakan numbering

Contohnya:

  • first
  • second
  • third, dan lain sebagainya.

Menggunakan action verb

Contohnya:

  • turn
  • plug
  • put, dan lain sebagainya.

Menggunakan adverb

Contohnya: slowly, carefully, dan lain sebagainya.

Latihan 1

Answer the following question!

Which one of the following is not considered as an example of Procedure Text?

A. Let's figure out how to join in a zoom meeting.

B. Dunno how to draw a shape in Photoshop?

C. This is how rain is formed.

D. This is how you should make delightful cookies.

E. How to use Aku Pintar application.

Latihan 2

Answer the following question!

Which one is the example of numbering?

A. Then

B. Fourth

C. Next

D. After that

E. Later

Latihan 3

Answer the following question!

Which one is the example of the connective of sequence?

A. Grill

B. Turn on

C. Pour

D. After that

E. Switch off

Latihan 4

Answer the following question!

Which of the following belongs to an adverb?

A. Thoroughly

B. Whisk

C. Don't mix

D. Grill

E. Grate

Latihan 5

Answer the following question!

Which of the following belongs to the action verb?

A. Added

B. Slowly

C. Bake

D. Then

E. Next

Latihan 6

Answer the following question!

The following belongs to a procedure text of how to make something, except ….

A. How to make a cup of tea

B. How to make a pencil case

C. How to install application

D. How to create a photo frame

E. How to create flower vase

Latihan 7

Answer the following question!

Which of the following belongs to a procedure text of how to operate something?

A. How to split screen into two

B. How to make mango squash

C. How to create a keychain

D. How to cook korean fried chicken

E. How to bake peanut cookies

Structure of Procedure Text


Source: id.hotels.com

Tapi, Sobat, bagaimana sih kita menulis sebuah teks prosedur yang baik dan benar?

Yuk, lanjut membaca struktur dari teks prosedur berikut ini.

Goal

Pertama, tentukan dulu nih, tujuan kalian menulis sebuah teks itu untuk apa. Misalnya nih, kalian mau menulis tentang bagaimana sih mendukung idola kalian dalam acara penghargaan. Dari situ sudah bisa dibuat tujuan dan judul tuh.

Contoh: How to Vote your Idol on an Award Ceremony.

Materials

Setelah menentukan judul dan tujuan apalagi nih?

Selanjutnya, tentukan, bahan-bahan, alat, perlengkapan/peralatan yang diperlukan untuk menyelesaikan kegiatan yang akan dilakukan tadi.

Pada paragraf ini penulis teks prosedur perlu memberikan daftar bahan dan peralatan agar tujuannya tercapai.

Steps

Langkah-langkah atau urutan untuk mencapai tujuan dari teks prosedur.

Example of Procedure Text

Berikut ini adalah contoh procedure text dari cara mengoperasikan sesuatu.

How do I join a Zoom meeting?


Source: archicgi.com

You can join a meeting from a zoom application through these following steps:

  1. Open the Zoom app on your desktop, Start button, Zoom folder, start Zoom.
  2. Click on Sign in.
  3. On right side menu Select "Sign In with SSO".
  4. Enter your USQ username and password if prompted.
  5. Click on Join.
  6. Enter the Meeting ID (this is displayed in the email invitation).
  7. You can then choose whether to come into the meeting with your audio or video enabled or disabled.

Example of Procedure Text

Berikut ini adalah contoh procedure text dari cara membuat sesuatu.

How to Create Lines in Adobe Illustrator


Source: designmantic.com

The followings steps are explaining how you can create lines in Adobe Illustrator.

  1. A line is a path composed of start and end anchor points, connected by a path.
  2. Draw lines using the Line Segment tool in the Tools panel. Select the Line Segment tool by clicking and holding the Rectangle tool in the Tools panel.
  3. Lines you draw are Live, which means you can edit the length, direction, and angle after drawing them without switching from the Line Segment tool.
  4. Rotate a line by moving the pointer off an end and dragging.

Example of Procedure Text

Berikut ini adalah contoh procedure text dari cara memasak sesuatu.

How to Make Tomato Soup


Source: walnuts.org

To make a bowl of tomato soup, you must prepare all ingredients below:

  • 4 large tomatoes
  • spices
  • 1 small onion
  • ½ teaspoon of salt
  • 8 cups of water
  • ¼ teaspoon of pepper
  • small clove garlic
  • ¼ teaspoon of butter

Here are the steps to make a bowl of tomato soup:

  1. Cut tomatoes, onions, and garlic into small pieces.
  2. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes.
  3. Add water, spices, salt and pepper.
  4. Heat until the water boils.
  5. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. Cook gently for an hour.

latihan 1

Read the text to answer the question!

How to Make Tomato Soup

To make a bowl of tomato soup, you must prepare all ingredients below:

  • 4 large tomatoes
  • spices
  • 1 small onion
  • ½ teaspoon of salt
  • 8 cups of water
  • ¼ teaspoon of pepper
  • small clove garlic
  • ¼ teaspoon of butter

Here are the steps to make a bowl of tomato soup:

  1. Cut tomatoes, onions, and garlic into small pieces.
  2. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes.
  3. Add water, spices, salt and pepper.
  4. Heat until the water boils.
  5. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. Cook gently for an hour.

What is the purpose of the text?

A. To describe the tomato soup

B. To give information of the ingredients of tomato soup

C. To explain the steps in making tomato soup

D. To report the making of tomato soup

E. To entertain the readers of the tomato soup recipe

Latihan 2

Read the text to answer the question!

How to Make Tomato Soup

To make a bowl of tomato soup, you must prepare all ingredients below:

  • 4 large tomatoes
  • spices
  • 1 small onion
  • ½ teaspoon of salt
  • 8 cups of water
  • ¼ teaspoon of pepper
  • small clove garlic
  • ¼ teaspoon of butter

Here are the steps to make a bowl of tomato soup:

  1. Cut tomatoes, onions, and garlic into small pieces.
  2. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes.
  3. Add water, spices, salt and pepper.
  4. Heat until the water boils.
  5. Turn down the heat and cover with lid.
  6. Cook gently for an hour.

What does the word gently mean?

A. powerfully

B. fiercely

C. carefully

D. strongly

E. fairly

Latihan 3

Read the text to answer the question!

How to Make Tomato Soup

To make a bowl of tomato soup, you must prepare all ingredients below:

  • 4 large tomatoes
  • spices
  • 1 small onion
  • ½ teaspoon of salt
  • 8 cups of water
  • ¼ teaspoon of pepper
  • small clove garlic
  • ¼ teaspoon of butter

Here are the steps to make a bowl of tomato soup:

  1. Cut tomatoes, onions, and garlic into small pieces.
  2. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes.
  3. Add water, spices, salt and pepper.
  4. Heat until the water boils.
  5. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. Cook gently for an hour.

What should we do before adding water, spices, salt and pepper?

A. Turn down the heat and cover with a lid.

B. Heat until the water boils.

C. Fry the ingredients in a pan with butter for five minutes.

D. Cut tomatoes, onions, and garlic into small pieces.

E. Fry the ingredients in a pan with butter for five minutes.

Latihan 4

Read the text to answer the question!

How To Make Porridge

Yield: 4 servings

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of white rice
  • ¼ chicken or use any amount you want
  • 8 cups of water
  • 150 gr ginger
  • 2 pieces green onion
  • 2 tablespoons cornstarch
  • 1 tablespoon oyster sauce
  • 2 tablespoons water
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 2 tablespoon chicken stock

Steps:

  1. Fill the bowl with water to wash the rice. Massage and mix the rice with your hands. Drain the water. Repeat this step 2 or 3 times.
  2. Boil 8 cups of water. chop the ginger into thin slices and chop the green onion into small pieces.
  3. After that, cut the chicken into thin slices. Place into a bowl to marinate. Add oyster sauce, cornstarch, chicken stock and two tablespoons of water. Add  two tablespoons of vegetable oil and mix it for 30 seconds.
  4. Add the rice into the boiled water from earlier. Stir the rice around a bit. Cover the pot and wait until it’s boiling again.
  5. Let it cook at medium heat for 30 minutes.
  6. While waiting for rice to cook, set the stove to high heat. Add the chicken slowly. Stir constantly around 1-2 minutes.
  7. Add the ginger and one tablespoon of salt, and chicken stock. Stir it for around 30 seconds.
  8. Last but not least, turn off the heat and pour the jook into the bowl. You can garnish it with green onions, peanuts or whatever you like.

Source: gramedia.com

How much oyster sauce do we need to make porridge?

A. 1 teaspoon

B. 1 tablespoon

C. 1 cup

D. 2 teaspoons

E. 2 tablespoons

Latihan 5

Read the text to answer the question!

How To Make Porridge

Yield: 4 servings

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of white rice
  • ¼ chicken or use any amount you want
  • 8 cups of water
  • 150 gr ginger
  • 2 pieces green onion
  • 2 tablespoons cornstarch
  • 1 tablespoon oyster sauce
  • 2 tablespoons water
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 2 tablespoon chicken stock

Steps:

  1. Fill the bowl with water to wash the rice. Massage and mix the rice with your hands. Drain the water. Repeat this step 2 or 3 times.
  2. Boil 8 cups of water. chop the ginger into thin slices and chop the green onion into small pieces.
  3. After that, cut the chicken into thin slices. Place into a bowl to marinate. Add oyster sauce, cornstarch, chicken stock and two tablespoons of water. Add  two tablespoons of vegetable oil and mix it for 30 seconds.
  4. Add the rice into the boiled water from earlier. Stir the rice around a bit. Cover the pot and wait until it’s boiling again.
  5. Let it cook at medium heat for 30 minutes.
  6. While waiting for rice to cook, set the stove to high heat. Add the chicken slowly. Stir constantly around 1-2 minutes.
  7. Add the ginger and one tablespoon of salt, and chicken stock. Stir it for around 30 seconds.
  8. Last but not least, turn off the heat and pour the jook into the bowl. You can garnish it with green onions, peanuts or whatever you like.

Source: gramedia.com

Why do we fill the bowl with water?

A. To drain the water

B. To cook the rice

C. To mix the rice

D. To wash the rice

E. To massage the rice

Latihan 6

Read the text to answer the question!

How To Make Porridge

Yield: 4 servings

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of white rice
  • ¼ chicken or use any amount you want
  • 8 cups of water
  • 150 gr ginger
  • 2 pieces green onion
  • 2 tablespoons cornstarch
  • 1 tablespoon oyster sauce
  • 2 tablespoons water
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 2 tablespoon chicken stock

Steps:

  1. Fill the bowl with water to wash the rice. Massage and mix the rice with your hands. Drain the water. Repeat this step 2 or 3 times.
  2. Boil 8 cups of water. chop the ginger into thin slices and chop the green onion into small pieces.
  3. After that, cut the chicken into thin slices. Place into a bowl to marinate. Add oyster sauce, cornstarch, chicken stock and two tablespoons of water. Add  two tablespoons of vegetable oil and mix it for 30 seconds.
  4. Add the rice into the boiled water from earlier. Stir the rice around a bit. Cover the pot and wait until it’s boiling again.
  5. Let it cook at medium heat for 30 minutes.
  6. While waiting for rice to cook, set the stove to high heat. Add the chicken slowly. Stir constantly around 1-2 minutes.
  7. Add the ginger and one tablespoon of salt, and chicken stock. Stir it for around 30 seconds.
  8. Last but not least, turn off the heat and pour the jook into the bowl. You can garnish it with green onions, peanuts or whatever you like.

Source: gramedia.com

What should we do after chopping the ginger and green onion?

A. Cut the chicken into thin slices.

B. Place into a bowl to marinate.

C. Boil 8 cups of water.

D. Add the rice into the boiled water.

E. Add oyster sauce, cornstarch, chicken stock and two tablespoons of water.

Latihan 7

Read the text to answer the question!

How To Make Porridge

Yield: 4 servings

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of white rice
  • ¼ chicken or use any amount you want
  • 8 cups of water
  • 150 gr ginger
  • 2 pieces green onion
  • 2 tablespoons cornstarch
  • 1 tablespoon oyster sauce
  • 2 tablespoons water
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 2 tablespoon chicken stock

Steps:

  1. Fill the bowl with water to wash the rice. Massage and mix the rice with your hands. Drain the water. Repeat this step 2 or 3 times.
  2. Boil 8 cups of water. chop the ginger into thin slices and chop the green onion into small pieces.
  3. After that, cut the chicken into thin slices. Place into a bowl to marinate. Add oyster sauce, cornstarch, chicken stock and two tablespoons of water. Add  two tablespoons of vegetable oil and mix it for 30 seconds.
  4. Add the rice into the boiled water from earlier. Stir the rice around a bit. Cover the pot and wait until it’s boiling again.
  5. Let it cook at medium heat for 30 minutes.
  6. While waiting for rice to cook, set the stove to high heat. Add the chicken slowly. Stir constantly around 1-2 minutes.
  7. Add the ginger and one tablespoon of salt, and chicken stock. Stir it for around 30 seconds.
  8. Last but not least, turn off the heat and pour the jook into the bowl. You can garnish it with green onions, peanuts or whatever you like.

Source: gramedia.com

What topping can we add to our porridge?

A. Vegetable oil

B. Oyster sauce

C. Cornstarch

D. Peanuts

E. Ginger

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